The National Academies bring together four organizations: the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research Council. Among the many fellowships and grants administered through the National Academies are the Ford Foundation Fellowship program (pre- and postdoctoral) and the National Academies Research Associateship Programs for doctoral level engineers and scientists.
NEH is an independent, grant-making agency of the United States government dedicated to supporting research, education, preservation, and public programs in the humanities. It offers a variety of opportunities for grants and fellowships for individuals as well as organizations.
The National Geographic Society provides grants for scientific field research and exploration within a wide spectrum of topics (including all areas of anthropology) to both students and established scholars of all nationalities. All proposed projects must be of broad scientific interest and have both a geographical dimension and relevance to other scientific fields. Relevant grant programs include the Committee for Research and Exploration (CRE), the Expeditions Council (EC), the Global Exploration Fund – Northern Europe (GEF), and the Conservation Trust (CT). National Geographic Young Explorer Grants offer opportunities to individuals between the ages of 18 and 25 to pursue research, conservation, and exploration-related projects consistent with these grant programs.
The National Humanities Center offers residential fellowships for advanced study in the humanities. Young scholars, as well as senior scholars, are encouraged to apply, but they must have a doctorate and a record of publication. The Center does not normally support the revision of a doctoral dissertation. The Center accepts individuals from the natural and social sciences, the arts, the professions, and public life who are engaged in humanistic projects.
The National Institutes of Health is the primary US federal agency for conducting and supporting medical research. The NIH has several priority areas and focal points of interest spread out among different institutes. Pre-doctoral and postdoctoral grants are provided to support research in medical and behavioral research. Programs are available to support researchers both inside and outside the US.
The National Science Foundation is an independent US government agency responsible for promoting scientific progress in the United States. Research grants provide funding for doctoral students and senior scholars in cultural anthropology and biological anthropology, as well as archaeology and linguistics. There are also a number of multidisciplinary grants available.
P.E.O. was founded in 1869 to promote educational opportunities for women and today fulfills this mission through grants, loans, awards, special projects and stewardship of Cottey College (Nevada, Missouri). Of particular interest are the P.E.O Scholar Awards, which provide substantial merit-based awards for women of the United States and Canada who are pursuing a doctoral level degree at an accredited college or university and P.E.O. International Peace Scholarships (IPS) , which support international women students to pursue graduate study in the United States and Canada.
The Reed Foundation sponsors the Ruth Landes Memorial Research Fund for interdisciplinary research and publications on subjects that were of interest to Ruth Schlossberg Landes, Ph.D. during her professional and academic career. Grants are available to scholars and other professionally qualified individuals for work toward a doctoral dissertation, for postdoctoral work, or for independent scholarship. Research proposals must engage with any of these topics of interest which included, but were not limited to, aging, gender and sexuality, race and ethnicity, immigrant and minority populations, culture and education, language and identity, and religion. Eligibility is limited to United States citizens and permanent legal residents.
The Royal Anthropological Institute seeks to combine a distinguished tradition of scholarship with the active provision of services to contemporary anthropology and anthropologists. The RAI administers a number of fellowships at the postdoctoral level in partnership with host universities and limited financial support to doctoral students of anthropology. Some programs include the Emslie Horniman Anthropological Scholarship Fund, the Radcliffe-Brown and Firth Trust Funds for Social Anthropological Research, the Ruggles-Gates Fund for Biological Anthropology, and the Royal Anthropological Institute and Anthropologists’ Fund for Urgent Anthropological Research (AFUAR).
The School for Advanced Research supports advanced scholarship and creativity in the social sciences, the humanities, and Native American art. Its focus is primarily on senior academic scholars (Resident Scholar and Summer Scholar programs for writing in the social sciences, arts, and humanities), on Native American artists, and on its Seminar Program, which invites applications for a number of intensive seminars each year.