Your abstract is a very important component of your application. In language that an interested layperson could understand, you need to convey what’s at the heart of your project. Your abstract should begin broad and go narrow, communicating the major theme or debate in anthropology your research will address, then explaining the particular question you plan to investigate. It should convey the “why,” “what,” and “where” of your project, while giving the reader a sense of the “how” – that is, the methods you will use to gather the empirical evidence you need to address the problem you’ve posed. Your abstract will be the shortest part of your proposal, but it will also the hardest to write. You will need to have a very clear idea of your plans to do a good job. You probably should write it last.