History of the Foundation

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Viking Fund Medal

Viking Fund Medal Front and Back

The Board of Directors of the Viking Fund in 1946 instituted the Viking Fund Annual A wards in Anthropology. Each award consisted of a medal and prize for distinguished re­search or publication. Initially, they went to scholars who were selected by their respective societies: American Anthropological Association, Society for American Archaeology, and American Association of Physical Anthropologists. In 1961, the selection procedures were modified to increase international involvement in choice of worthy nominees. Medalists were first selected by vote of the Associates in Current Anthropology and later by a special inter­national committee, appointed by the Foundation to represent the four subdisciplines.

The occasion of the annual award was a formal dinner held in early March of each year, at which time the medalists for the previous year were announced, and the medal and monetary prize were presented to each. The Medal was designed by the distinguished Mexican artist Miguel Covarrubias and executed by Rene Paul Chambellan. Its face represents four main human groups in their biological unity and cultural diversity.

Medalists 1946-1960
  General Anthropology Archaeology Physical Anthropology
1946 Alfred Kroeber
Alfred Kroeber
Alfred Kidder
Alfred Kidder
Franz Weidenreich
Franz Weidenreich
1947 Robert Lowie
Robert Lowie
John Brew
John Brew
Earnest Hooton
Earnest Hooton
1948 John Swanton
John Swanton
Alex Krieger
Alex Krieger
Adolph Schultz
Adolph Schultz
1949 George Murdock
George Murdock
Hallam Movius
Hallam Movius
William Gregory
William Gregory
1950 Clyde Kluckhohn
Clyde Kluckhohn
Emil Haury
Emil Haury
Wilton Krogman
Wilton Krogman
1951 Ralph Linton
Ralph Linton
Frank Roberts
Frank Roberts
Carleton Coon
Carleton Coon
1952 Julian Steward
Julian Steward
Alfonso Caso
Alfonso Caso
William Straus
William Straus
1953 Melville Herskovits
Melville Herskovits
Gordon Willey
Gordon Willey
T. Dale Stewart
T. Dale Stewart
1954 Robert Redfield
Robert Redfield
Wm. Duncan Strong
Wm. Duncan Strong
William Howells
William Howells
1955 A.I. Hallowell
A.I. Hallowell
J. Eric Thompson
J. Eric Thompson
W.E. LeGros Clark
W.E. LeGros Clark
1956 Fred Eggan
Fred Eggan
Junius Bird
Junius Bird
Mildred Trotter
Mildred Trotter
1957 Margaret Mead
Margaret Mead
James Griffin
James Griffin
Raymond Dart
Raymond Dart
1958 Raymond Firth
Raymond Firth
Jesse Jennings
Jesse Jennings
Henri Vallois
Henri Vallois
1959 Leslie White
Leslie White
Irving Rouse
Irving Rouse
William Greulich
William Greulich
1960 Leslie Spier
Leslie Spier
S.K. Lothrop
S.K. Lothrop
Sherwood Washburn
Sherwood Washburn
Medalists 1961
1961 E.E. Evans-Pritchard
E.E. Evans-Pritchard
Robert Heine-Geldern
Robert Heine-Geldern
Louis S.B. Leakey
Louis S.B. Leakey
Sol Tax
Sol Tax
Medalists 1966-2005
1966 Claude Levi-Strauss
Claude Levi-Strauss
1972 J.G. Douglas Clark
J.G. Douglas Clark
2003 Marilyn Strathern
Marilyn Strathern
2004 Jane H. Hill
Jane H. Hill
2005 George Armelagos
George Armelagos