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WGF Symposium #119 Group Photo
Front (Kneeling, seated): A. Singer, E. Vrba, T. Kaiser, E. O’Brien, B. Benefit, F. Ramirez-Rozzi, N. Owen-Smith, C. Denys, F. Szalay. Back: A. Turner, J. McKee, R. Bernor, F. Schrenk, L. Bishop, G. Denton, P. Andrews, C. Feibel, S. Silverman, B. Wood, N. Sikes, T. Bromage, Y. Juwayeyi, R. Foley, M. Rosenzweig.

October 25 - November 2, 1995
The Livingstonia Beach Hotel, Salima, Malawi


PUBLICATION:    African Biogeography, Climate Change, & Human Evolution (Timothy G. Bromage and Friedemann Schrenk, Eds.), Oxford University Press, 1999.


bookcoverPeter Andrews (Natural History Museum, UK)
Brenda R. Benefit (Southern Illinois University, USA)
Ray Bernor (Howard University, USA)
Laura Bishop (University of Liverpool, UK)
Timothy G. Bromage (City University of New York, Hunter College, USA)
George H. Denton (University of Maine, USA)
Christiane Denys (Natural History Museum, France)
Craig Feibel (Rutgers University, USA)
Robert A. Foley (University of Cambridge, UK)
Peter Grubb (National History Museum, UK)
Yusuf M. Juwayeyi (Department of Antiquities, Malawi)
Thomas Kaiser (City University of New York, Hunter College, USA)
Jeffrey McKee (University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa)
Eileen M. O’Brien (Institute of Ecology, USA)
R. Norman Owen-Smith (University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa)
Fernando Ramirez-Rozzi (Musée de l’Homme, France)
Michael L. Rosenzweig (University of Arizona, USA)
Friedemann Schrenk (Hessian State Museum, Germany)
Nancy Sikes (Smithsonian Institution, USA)
Sydel Silverman (Wenner-Gren Foundation, USA)
Frederick S. Szalay (City University of New York, Hunter College, USA)
Alan Turner (University of Liverpool, UK)
Elisabeth S. Vrba (Yale University, USA)
Bernard Wood (University of Liverpool, UK)


Twenty-three scholars from Africa, Europe, and the United States assembled in Salima, Malawi, with two goals: I) to consider the potential for a paradigm shift in palaeoanthropology away from taxonomic analyses limited to character similarities and differences, toward a paradigm that interprets characters ecologically and adaptively in the larger context of their habitat specificities; and, 2) to explore the means by which such a paradigm might help us to better chronicle human biological and cultural evolution. This perspective implies a certain "ecocentric" view as to the nature of hominid lineages and the way we define their taxonomic segments. Such a perspective is needed at this time to account for the relationship between eastern and southern Africa in hominid evolution, as the more traditional morphological taxonomic approaches have neglected to account for the fact that these areas belong to two seemingly different ecological domains: tropical and temperate zones, respectively.

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