ANNE C. PISOR, then a graduate student at University of California, Santa Barbara, California, was awarded funding in May 2014 to aid research on 'Expanded Group Affiliation, Trust and Prosociality in Lowland Bolivia,' supervised by Dr. Michael Gurven. Social science research from various disciplines, including anthropology, has demonstrated that exposure to out-groups can change an actor's trust and cooperation towards them; however the relationship between exposure and trust and cooperation can be positive, negative, or neutral. The grantee suggests that cooperation and trust instead reflect valuation of out-group members and asks, 'Under what conditions do individual actors change their valuation of out-group members as potential social partners?' Funding supported research on this question among three populations of Bolivian horticulturalists, chosen to capture the range of market integration (i.e., exposure to larger social and economic worlds) among horticulturalists in Bolivia. Fieldwork took place from June 2014-March 2015. Using interviews, ethnographic data collection, and a novel economic game, the grantee found that, controlling for population, participants cooperated more with out-group individuals when they themselves had traditional resource access but lacked market goods. Participants expressed higher trust towards out-groups when they had experienced larger net positive change in their subjective socioeconomic status between childhood and adulthood. The grantee's preliminary interpretation is that, if out-group members may be a source of resource access or buffering, whether for current or potential future need, actors will value out-group members more highly.
Dissertation Fieldwork Grant
California, Santa Barbara, U. of
Pisor, Anne Catherine, U. of California, Santa Barbara, CA - To aid research on 'Expanded Group Affiliation, Trust and Prosociality in Lowland Bolivia,' supervised by Dr. Michael Gurven