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Mbua, Emma Nguvi

Grant Type
Post-Ph.D. Research Grant
Insitutional Affiliation
National Museums of Kenya
Completed Grant
Approve Date
Project Title
Mbua, Dr. Emma Nguvi, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya - To aid research on 'Field Research at Kandis Fossil Site (KFS), a New Late Pliocene Site on Outskirts of Nairobi City'

DR. EMMA NGUVI MBUA, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya, received a grant in October 2011 to aid field research at 'Kandis Fossil Site (KFS), a New Late Pliocene Site on the Outskirts of Nairobi City.' Kandis Fossil Site (KFS) is a Pliocene site located on the outskirts of Nairobi, on the eastern margins of the Ngong escarpment and was recently dated to 2.77±0.01 Myr. The previous three years of research at the KFS site has yielded diverse and abundant fauna totaling 1100 individuals representing thirteen mammalian taxa. The research supported by this funding yielded a total of 300 mammalian fossils and, for the first time, recovered two hominin baby teeth (possibly Australopithecus afarensis). In addition, well preserved mammalian fossils were recovered including an extinct monkey mandible with dentition (Paracolubus), a partially complete white rhino mandible (Ceratotherium), three partially complete Hippo skulls (Hexaprododon), fossil pigs (Notochoerus), and several other ungulates. Preliminary faunal assessment reveals similarity to Pliocene fauna from Hadar and Laetoli, which suggests an age older than 2.77 Myr date recorded for top of the Kandis sequence.