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Galanidou, Parthena

Grant Type
Post-Ph.D. Research Grant
Insitutional Affiliation
Crete, U. of
Completed Grant
Approve Date
Project Title
Galanidou, Dr. Parthena, U. of Crete, Crete, Greece - To aid research on 'The Lower Palaeolithic Settlement of Lesbos Island, Greece'

DR. PARTHENA GALANIDOU, University of Crete, Crete, Greece, received a grant in April 2015 to aid research on 'The Lower Palaeolithic Settlement of Lesbos Island, Greece.' The grant supported part of the 2015 field campaign, laboratory, and dating work conducted on the Lower Palaeolithic Settlement on Lesbos Island in Greece. The research shows that a Middle Pleistocene archaeological record with a considerable yet unknown time-depth is present. A new series of pIR-IRSL dates firmly establishes a Middle Pleistocene date for the hominin activity on the margins of the Kalloni Basin. The 2015 excavation work suggests that Rodafnidia is a complex site with multiple events of hominin occupation unveiled at the different site sectors. Early (belonging to the Large Flake Acheulean) and late Acheulean (using small bifaces and Prepared Core Technology) tool making groups were present there. Testimonies to a repetitive presence are the Large Cutting Tools (handaxes and cleavers) of variable size and other Lower Palaeolithic artefacts recovered from a fluvial network, near thermal springs and volcanic ignimbrite outcrops. The research highlights Lesbos as a westernmost outpost of the Acheulean tradition in Asia, north and west of the Jordanian Rift Valley and, at same time, an eastern doorstep to Europe. It invites further study of the role of the Aegean Basin in the early Eurasian dispersal and settlement patterns.