The Department of Social Anthropology at Addis Ababa University launched a Ph.D program in 2010 on its own. In collaboration with anthropology departments in Europe, US, and Japan, the Department now intends to improve the theoretical and methodological training of Ph.D. students. The IDG grant will be used to intensify international exposure and exchange; improve the quality of anthropological training by bringing in experienced guest lectuerers and disseration co-advisors and examiners; upgrade the current curriculum in consultation with partner institutions; provide modest support for student field research; and build up the library and electronic resources. Ethiopia has a great need for highly trained anthropologists in academic and non-academic positions and the IDG will help the Department to train future generations to fill these positions. It will also help promote anthropology as an academic discipline in Ethiopia, where it is little known. By training local anthropologists who will do their fieldwork in their own country, we also wish to achieve a greater transparency in the dissemination of results among the researched communities and thus achieve a greater engagement.