Regehr, Vera Dorothea, U. Catolica 'Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion', Asuncion, Paraguay - To aid training in social-cultural anthropology at U. Iberoamericana, Mexico City, Mexico, supervised by Dr. Roger E. Magazine
Grimson, Dr. Alejandro, U. Nacional de San Martin, Buenos Aires, Argentina - To aid 'VIII Reunión de Antropología del MERCOSUR: Diversity and Power in Latin America,' 2009, Buenos Aires, in collaboration with Axel Lazzari
'8th Meeting of Anthropology of the Mercosur'
September 29 - October 2, 2009, Buenos Aire, Argentina
Organizers: Alejandro Grimson and Axel Lazzari (Universidad Nacional de San Martín)
'Diversity and Power in Latin America' was the theme for this 8th Meeting of Anthropology of the Mercorsur. Hosted by the Instituto de Altos Estudios Sociales (IDEAS) at the National University of San Martin in Bueons Aires, more than 3,000
researchers and graduate students from across Latin America, North America, and Europe gathered to participate in 30 special sessions, 75 working groups, and 14 forums, making this the largest meeting of Anthropology in the Mercosur to date A photographic exhibition, 35 ethnographic films, and a special session on the uses of photography and video in anthropological research were included among many other activities.
Samet, Robert Nathan, Stanford U., Stanford, CA - To aid research on 'Writing Crime: Journalism, Insecurity, and Narratives of Violence in Caracas, Venezuela,' supervised by Dr. Sylvia Junko Yanagisako
ROBERT N. SAMET, then a student at Stanford University, Stanford, California, received funding in October 2008 to aid research on Writing Crime: Journalism, Insecurity, and Narratives of Violence in Caracas, Venezuela,' supervised by Dr. Sylvia Yanagisako. The overarching objective of the dissertation research is to describe the social processes through which violent events are framed as journalistic narratives by focusing on the everyday practices of crime reporters in Caracas. While there is a wealth of social scientific material that refers to news coverage of crime and violence, there have been surprisingly few attempts to understand the processes of cultural production from the inside out. This project set out to accomplish four specific goals: 1) examine the culture of crime reporters; 2) describe the key factors shaping the day-to-day practices of journalists who cover the crime beat; 3) explain what influences the selection and composition of images and stories of crime; and 4) show the larger context in which these images and stories circulate. Together, these strands of inquiry will provide a nuanced understanding of how journalist and journalism have helped to shape 'the politics of security' in Venezuela during the Hugo Chavez era.
Ivancheva, Mariya Plamenova, Central European U., Budapest, Hungary - To aid research on 'A Revolutionary University? Intellectuals, Reform, and State Power in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela,' supervised by Dr. Aleksandra Kowalski
MARIYA P. IVANCHEVA, then a student at the Central European University, Budapest, Hungary, was awarded a grant in May 2010, to aid research on 'A Revolutionary University? Intellectuals, Reform, and State Power in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela,' supervised by Dr. Aleksandra Kowalski. What role have the Venezuelan socialist intellectuals played in the higher education reforms of the government of Hugo Chavez? This question was researched through ethnographic field study at the main campus of the Bolivarian University of Venezuela (UBV) in Caracas. Established in 2003 by radical intellectuals and former student activists, UBV has become the vanguard institution of the higher education reform in the Bolivarian Republic. As a main degree-granting agent of the mass higher education program Mision Sucre, the university provides higher education placements to hundreds of thousands poor Venezuelans. It has also sought to promote alternative pedagogy and knowledge production, a decentralized model of the university governance, and 'alter-globalization' academic alliances within the Global South. Yet, paradoxically, UBV has been critiqued by both the Left and the Right as reproducing the traditional university model. Why is that? Radical intellectuals in Venezuela face a paradoxical challenge. They need to turn a 'modern' and Western institutional form as the university, situated in a global field of higher education, into a viable framework for radical social reform. They also need to reconcile their past as anti-authoritarian student activists with their present as agents of authority and decision-making power in a nation state.
Borea Labarthe, Giuliana, New York U., New York, NY - To aid research on 'Recasting the Contemporary: A New Art Scene for the New Lima,' supervised by Dr. Fred Myers
GIULIANA BOREA LABARTHE, then a student at New York University, New York, New York, received funding in April 2013 to aid research on 'Recasting the Contemporary: A New Art Scene for the New Lima,' supervised by Dr. Fred Myers. This project examined the emergence of a vibrant art scene for contemporary art in Lima over the last fifteen years. Ethnographic research was conducted in Lima and in art venues in Miami and Buenos Aires. Through twelve months of archival analysis, participant observation, interviews, and anthropological network analysis, the research explored how Peruvian artists, curators, collectors, art dealers, museums, and other international stakeholders make, manage, and imagine Lima's art scene and highlighted their multi-scale strategies to articulate a previously 'peripheral' art world. The study argues that Lima's new art scene is closely connected to efforts of elites and urban planners to relocate Lima as a global city by changing its long lasting white colonial image to a contemporary one. But to bring the 'contemporary' has implied discussion on the role of an indigenous population that has shaped Lima and demands recognition at all levels. It examined how the growth of a neoliberal economy has brought into play different elite groups and transnational agents that compete in art management while confrontations resonate in Latin American art networks. The study contributes to scholarship on politics and circulation of art and culture, and on the making of creative cities in the global world.
Skrabut, Kristin Joy, Brown U., Providence, RI - To aid research on 'Only the 'Truly Needy' Need Apply: Exploring Formal/Focal Intersections in Peru's Fight Against Poverty,' supervised by Dr. Kay B. Warren
DR. STEPHEN WALTER SILLIMAN, University of Massachusetts, Boston, Massachusetts, received a grant in October 2010, to aid research on 'Beyond Change and Continuity: Native American Community Persistence in Colonial New England.' Funding supported an archaeological project on the impacts of colonialism on Native American communities in southern New England, specifically the Eastern Pequot's reservation (established in 1683) in southeastern Connecticut. The project was oriented toward tackling a larger conceptual issue: the problem of discussing Native American societies in colonial periods as either changing or staying the same, rather than understanding how they did both (or neither) on trajectories of 'persistence.' The project had two goals: 1) to search for elusive 17th-century sites from the founding decades of the reservation; and 2) to excavate a newly identified late 18th-century household to understand variations during that period. Despite intensive searching with shovel test-pits in a never-before-tested section of the reservation, no sites sought in the first objective were located. The second objective was met with great success. A late 18th-century Eastern Pequot house site was located, mapped, and excavated, producing approximately 4,500 artifacts, 3,500 animal bones, and 14 kg of shellfish remains associated with what was once a wooden house with window glass, nailed frames, rock chimney, cellar, and trash pits. Its results have contributed significantly to the interpretation of Native American reservation history and cultural persistence in the face of economic, material, and political pressures.
Chauca Tapia, Roberto, U. of Florida, Gainesville, FL - To aid research on 'Science in the Jungle: The Missionary Mapping and National Imagining of Western Amazonia,' supervised by Dr. Mark Thurner
ROBERTO CHAUCA TAPIA, then a student at University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, received a grant in October 2011 to aid research on 'Science in the Jungle: The Missionary Mapping and National Imagining of Western Amazonia,' supervised by Dr. Mark Thurner. Funding supported research at several archives and libraries in Colombia and Peru, to collect diverse materials such as maps, travel accounts, and correspondence from Jesuits, Franciscans, civilians, and military officers who participated in the exploration of Maynas, located in western Amazonia, between the late 17th and early 19th centuries. These documents will constitute the foundation of a thesis on the production and circulation of knowledge about western Amazonian peoples and space. While research turned up no map or geographic description left by local indigenous peoples themselves (which could have helped assess their role in crafting a spatial knowledge of Amazonia), several civilian and military records discovered in archival research (rather than the missionary ones) contain information on the indigenous participation in this process. Thus, their participation in the spatial construction of Amazonia can be examined. In sum, the visual and written descriptions collected provide interesting clues about the complex processes that led to the crafting of frontiers and borderlines that demarcated missionary territories, indigenous ethnicities, and imperial and national spaces.
Tucker, Christopher J., U. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI - To aid research on ''Sowing Ayacucho' on Disc: Music, Media and the Ayacuchano Social Imaginary,' supervised by Dr. Judith O. Becker
CHRISTOPHER J. TUCKER, while a student at University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, received funding in June 2002 to aid research on ''Sowing Ayacucho' on Disc: Music, Media and the Ayacuchano Imaginary,' supervised by Dr. Judith O. Becker. The grantee conducted his dissertation fieldwork on music and media in the Andean city of Ayacucho, Peru, as well as among migrants in Lima. He primarily focused upon the ways in which recorded Ayacuchano music is used by performers, mediators, and listeners in the process of redefining a sense of regional community for both migrants and those in the highlands. During the period of research funded by Wenner-Gren, he interviewed dozens of key composers, performing ar