Parson, Nia C., Rutgers U., New Brunswick,NJ - To aid research on 'Gender, Trauma and Healing in Chile: An Ethnographic Exploration of Domestic Violence During Dictatorial Rule,' supervised by Dr. Peter J. Guarnaccia
NIA C. PARSON, while a student at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey, received funding in July 2002 to aid ethnographic research on domestic violence during the transition from dictatorship (1973-90) to democracy (1990-present) in Santiago, Chile, under the supervision of Dr. Peter J. Guarnaccia. The violent and repressive ideologies, policies, and practices of the Chilean dictatorship aimed to depoliticize the population and encourage passivity in the face of authority-both in the state and in the home. The long-term effects of this state violence linger, Parson found, in postdictatorship state institutions, such as police departments and courts, that are charged with responding to women survivors of domestic violence. Gender roles encouraged during the military regime positioned women as subordinate to men and linked ideologies of the nation as family, in need of an authoritarian father figure, to ideologies of the individual family and women's and men's roles within that unit. These ideologies persist and are buttressed by rigid ideologies of family and gender roles espoused by the Catholic Church, as well as by the 1994 Family Violence Law, which encourages women to reconcile with abusive partners in order to maintain the family at all costs. Parson was able to demonstrate that in the Chilean postdictatorship context, women's health has been compromised by judicial systems and institutions that are only slowly moving away from a context of state violence. Her work highlights the importance of the promotion of gender equality in societies in transition from dictatorial to democratic systems.
Parson, Nia. 2010. Transformative Ties: Gendered Violence, Forms of Recovery, and Shifting Subjectivities in Chile. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 24(1):64-84.
Fordred-Green, Dr. Lesley J., U. of Capetown, Capetown, South Africa; and Neves, Dr. Eduardo G., U. Sao Paolo, Sao Paolo, Brazil - To aid collaborative research on historiography and archaeology in the Reserva Uaca, Amapa, Brazil
Alonso Lorenzo, Rocio, Cornell U., Ithaca, NY - To aid 'A Cross-Institutional Ethnographic Study of Antiracist Practices in São Paulo, Brazil,' supervised by Dr. Davydd J. Greenwood
ROCIO ALONSO LORENZO, then a student at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, received funding in August 2003 to aid research on 'A Cross-Institutional Ethnographic Study of Antiracist Practices in São Paulo, Brazil,' supervised by Dr. Davydd J. Greenwood. Despite the increasing institutionalization of racially oriented policies in Brazilian enterprises alongside the expansion of the Business and Social Responsibility (BSR) movement, focalized policies grounded on racial classification are unpopular among most business professionals. Other motivations, unlike personal recognition of the existence of racism, account for the proliferation of affirmative actions in the private sector since the last decade, The use of a multi-method and multi-site approach to ethnographic research, grounded in a variety of field methodologies, such as organizational engagement, network mapping, and in-depth process evaluation, has underpinned the idea that symbolic analysis of management practices is vital to a better understanding of how global policy is effectively implemented. Based upon one year and a half of field research, from August 2003 to February 2005, within a pioneering network of entrepreneurs and business professionals from companies of different size, nationality, and economic sector located in Sao Paulo city, important findings emerged regarding the future of multiracial policy in Brazil and Latin America. In most cases analyzed, the hybridity and interchangeability of practices between institutions do not develop into social collective consciousness, at least concerning diversity and affirmative action initiatives. The marketing potential and the cross-institutional capacity of replication of global policy strikingly contrasts with the difficulties that workplace experiences of radical social transformation have to extend beyond company boundaries. However, the social responsibility metaphor creates a sense of comfort for Brazilian business professionals, enabling them to discuss affirmative action and to question the ever-present Brazilian belief in the racial democracy, thereby allowing occasionally for a higher degree of tropicalization of diversity management's global procedures.
Hirsch, Eric Michael, U. of Chicago, Chicago, IL - To aid research on 'Investing in Indigeneity: Development, Promise, and Public Life in Andean Peru's Colca Valley,' supervised by Dr. Justin Richland
Preliminary abstract: This project investigates investment's role in the 'revalorization' (Toche 2011) of indigenous identity in Andean Peru's Colca Valley. My inquiry is situated at the conjuncture of two broader shifts in Peru, Latin America, and much of the globe beyond: a shift in development policy from state-centered modernization schemes to an emphasis on devolution, community self-determination, and empowerment through the market; and a shift in attitudes about indigenous identity from a point of shame to a point of pride. In Colca, development organizations are trying to effect this validation through financial investments; but unlike other contexts in Latin America and elsewhere, indigeneity in Colca is not visibly mobilized for citizenship, land rights, or political voice (Povinelli 2002, 2011; Postero 2007; Greene 2009). Indeed, many Colca residents did not call themselves 'indigenous' until indigeneity became a target of development investment. My research asks why these communities have begun to see the indigenous past as the new way forward, and investigates the role that investment has played in organizing this new priority and in reconfiguring relationships to the past and the future. I seek to understand the everyday encounters and non-instrumental investments of emotional energy and imagination that both emerge from and provide the conditions of possibility for financial investment. To do so, I will track four heritage promotion projects underway in Colca's communities, while ethnographically examining the broader significance that notions of indigeneity and investment have for residents and development professionals. My research draws on studies of value, aspiration, and selfhood to contribute an investigation that foregrounds investment as an ethnographic problem.
Bloomston, Bethany Rochelle, Syracuse U., Syracuse, NY - To aid research on 'Uneven Mobilization: Gender, Land, and Social Movements in Maranhao, Brazil,' supervised by Dr. John S. Burdick
BETHANY BLOOMSTON, then a student at Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York, received a grant in May 2008 to aid research on 'Uneven Mobilization: Gender, Land, and Social Movements in Maranhao, Brazil,' supervised by Dr. John S. Burdick. This research examines Brazilian rural women's organizing in the context of recently inaugurated multicultural reforms and neoliberal social inclusion schemes. It investigates how the Movimento Interestadual das Quebradeiras de Coco Babaçu (MIQCB)-a movement comprised of rural women involved in the extraction of babassu nuts, a non-timber resource, in the north and northeast of Brazil-organizes members around their individual rights as women and collective rights as 'traditional communities.' It explores how the introduction of multicultural legal frameworks and ethno-development schemes has altered the ways movement actors imagine and instantiate land and gender struggle, and has engendered important changes in movement dynamics, discourses and practices with ambiguous and, at times, contradictory local consequences. Most importantly, it investigates how women in the MIQCB relate to, think about, and/or take-up these newly emergent gender and ethno-cultural discourses in their everyday lives, and in the process, shape dynamic narratives of self. It focuses on a broad perceptual field that encompassed a range of social actors, including those for whom dominant movement ideology and projects do not completely resonate.
Sora, Dr. Gustavo Alejandro, National U., Cordoba, Argentina - To aid 'X Reunion de Antropología del Mercosur,' 2013, National U. of Cordoba
'Xth Reunión de Antropología del MERCOSUR (X RAM 2013)'
July 10-13, 2013, Córdoba, Argentina
Organizer: Dr. Gustavo A. Sorá (U. Nacional de Córdoba)
This biannual scientific meeting, originally promoted by the Brazilian Association of Anthropology (ABA), has been taking place since 1995. Organized by anthropologists and social scientists from universities and scientific institutions of MERCOSUR (Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Venezuela, Bolivia and Chile), the RAM promotes the participation of researchers from member countries, as well as universities and institutions of the international scientific community. The 2013 event was organized by the Department of Anthropology at the National University of Córdoba with the theme: 'Place, Act, and Imagine: Anthropologies from the South,' hosted eighty working groups, twenty-two round tables, forums for discussion between different organizations, actors, and social movements, as well as posters, short audiovisual presentations, and publications and books fair on various anthropological topics showcasing over 1200 authors and exhibitors. All told, the meeting attracted nearly 2000 scholars from home and abroad, with over 700 non-presenters attending sessions and program events.