Schuster, Caroline, Australian National U., Canberra, Australia - To aid engaged activities on 'Economies of Gender in Paraguay,' 2015, Paraguay
Preliminary abstract: This engaged anthropology project grows out of dissertation research on debt and development on the triple-frontier between Paraguay, Argentina and Brazil. At a moment when political claims around inequality are taking on renewed force in Latin American public life, this engagement project contributes to an emerging conversation around gender justice among social scientists, policy makers, and public intellectuals in Paraguay. A growing group of scholars has emphasized that the current debate marks a turning point in Paraguayan public discourse, which had largely remained silent on questions of gendered exclusion up until this point. In addition to contributing to local discussions around the ongoing efforts of microfinance NGOs to craft financial products specifically targeted at women, the grantee aims to facilitate a series of workshops that can set the groundwork for an ongoing conversation among activists, policy experts, and researchers that puts gender at the center of analysis. Future phases of the collaborative project include an edited collection of papers on the anthropology of gender in Paraguay to be published by a local academic press, online videos to disseminate conference proceedings, and an institutional framework to enable shared research projects across the social sciences.
Ivancheva, Mariya Plamenova, Central European U., Budapest, Hungary - To aid research on 'A Revolutionary University? Intellectuals, Reform, and State Power in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela,' supervised by Dr. Aleksandra Kowalski
MARIYA P. IVANCHEVA, then a student at the Central European University, Budapest, Hungary, was awarded a grant in May 2010, to aid research on 'A Revolutionary University? Intellectuals, Reform, and State Power in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela,' supervised by Dr. Aleksandra Kowalski. What role have the Venezuelan socialist intellectuals played in the higher education reforms of the government of Hugo Chavez? This question was researched through ethnographic field study at the main campus of the Bolivarian University of Venezuela (UBV) in Caracas. Established in 2003 by radical intellectuals and former student activists, UBV has become the vanguard institution of the higher education reform in the Bolivarian Republic. As a main degree-granting agent of the mass higher education program Mision Sucre, the university provides higher education placements to hundreds of thousands poor Venezuelans. It has also sought to promote alternative pedagogy and knowledge production, a decentralized model of the university governance, and 'alter-globalization' academic alliances within the Global South. Yet, paradoxically, UBV has been critiqued by both the Left and the Right as reproducing the traditional university model. Why is that? Radical intellectuals in Venezuela face a paradoxical challenge. They need to turn a 'modern' and Western institutional form as the university, situated in a global field of higher education, into a viable framework for radical social reform. They also need to reconcile their past as anti-authoritarian student activists with their present as agents of authority and decision-making power in a nation state.
Biehl, Dr. Joao, Princeton U., Princeton, NJ - To aid research and writing on 'Pharmaceutical Governance: The Development of the Brazilian AIDS Model' - Richard Carley Hunt Fellowship
DR. JOAO BIEHL, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, was awarded a Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship in November 2002 to aid research and writing on 'Pharmaceutical Governance: The Development of the Brazilian AIDS Model.' Brazil has, against all odds, invented a public way of treating AIDS. In 1996, it became the first developing country to adopt an official policy that universalized access to life-saving drugs. Both AIDS mortality and the use of hospital services have subsequently fallen by 70 percent, and the Brazilian policy is now hailed as a model for stemming the AIDS crisis in the developing world. The book 'Will to Live: AIDS Drugs and Local Economies of Salvation' documents how this life-saving policy came into existence amidst entrenched inequality. It explores Brazil's inventive combination of activist forces, the interests of a reforming state, transnational organizations, and the pharmaceutical industry. The book draws from research carried out over the last ten years among people working in state, corporate, scientific, and nongovernmental institutions, and also from longitudinal research among marginalized AIDS patients and grassroots care services. Overall, 'Will to Live' illuminates a shift that the Brazilian AIDS policy represents: from a crumbling welfare state to an activist state; from international and public health understood as prevention and clinical care to access to medication; and from political to biological rights as a new form of pharmaceutical citizenship takes form.
Tassi, Dr. Nico, U. College London, London, UK - To aid research and writing on 'Reassembling The Economic. The Aymara Economic: System in the Global Arena' - Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowhsip
Preliminary abstract: The project analyses one of the most successful forms of indigenous market economy on the American continent. Founded on ethnic-based networks, political structures and culturally specific practices of consumption, investment and credit, the Bolivian Aymara market economy has gone unexpectedly global by establishing economic partnerships with Chinese family consortiums and managing to control several regional markets. Such indigenous economic actors sporting a specialistic technological know how and advanced economic knowledge, have transformed a landlocked country such as Bolivia into a centre of good distribution to the entire region while feeding a reconfiguration of national economic structures. The outcome of the fellowship will be a monograph about this Aymara economic system. Starting from the indigenous political history and structures, the book outlines Aymara economic practices, conceptualisations and rationale of the market as well as the interface between the Aymara and the global context. Through the analysis of a series of local political, economic and cultural strategies, the monograph intends to show the Aymara effort to reframe their subordinate relation with the global economy. In so doing, the book brings forward unexpected connotations of globalization and modernity and explores unanticipated aspects of economic thinking.
Carozzi, Dr. Maria Julia, CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina - To aid 14th conference on Religious Alternatives in Latin America: 'Religions/Cultures,' 2007, Buenos Aires, in collaboration with Dr. Alejandro Frigerio
'XIV Meetings on Religious Alternatives in Latin America: Religions/Cultures '
September 25-28, 2007, Universidad Nacional de San Martín, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Organizers: Dr. Maria Lulia Carozzi (CONICET) and Dr. Alejandro Frigerio (Universidad Nacional de San Martin)
The meetings were held as a joint project of the Association of Social Scientists of Religion in the Mercosur (Asociación de Cientistas Sociales de la Religión en el Mercosur) and the National University of San Martín. The conference fostered debate leading to the critical assessment of the categories of 'culture' and 'religion' -- as developed in anthropology -- amongst social scientists studying religions in Latin America. The meetings also contributed to the circulation of ethnographic data and theoretical interpretations that illustrate the dynamic overlapping and restructuring of social phenomena that social scientists working on Latin American religions have generally classified as separate and distinct. Over 300 scholars from various social disciplines and regional specializations participated. This year's conference was successful in enlarging the geographic scope of the Mercosur network of social scientists studying religion and its articulation with other spheres of inquiry. The event was made possible through support by the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research and the Agency for the Promotion of Science and Technology of Argentina.
Wesolowski, Katya, Columbia U., New York, NY - To aid research on 'Serious Play: Youth, Identity Politics and Agency in an Afro-Brazilian Martial Art,' supervised by Dr. Charles C. Harrington
KATYA WESOLOWSKI, while a student at Teachers College of Columbia University in in New York, New York, was awarded a grant in November 2001 to aid research on capoeira, the Afro-Brazilian martial art, under the supervision of Dr. Charles Harrington. Wesolowski carried out ethnographic fieldwork in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, among capoeira groups with national and international representation. Additional funding awarded in November 2002 provided for a four-week trip to Angola to participate in a capoeira event in Luanda. Using participant observation, semistructured interviews, archival research, photography, videotaping, and her own apprenticeship as a capoeirista, Wesolowski explored the changing dynamics in practice and interpretation of the fighting art. A physically demanding blend of fight, dance, and acrobatics accompanied by music, created by African slaves in Brazil, capoeira has held an ambiguous and shifting relationship to the state throughout its history. Outlawed at the end of nineteenth century as a subversive practice and glorified in the early twentieth century as the 'national sport,' capoeira is today presented as a cultural manifestation, educational practice, and sport throughout Brazil and the world, drawing a wide array of participants. Accompanying groups to diverse settings throughout Rio de Janeiro-from community centers in favelas to fancy health clubs in Ipanema, and from private nursery schools to federal universities-Wesolowski explored the internal politics of capoeira identity and practice as individuals and groups vied for space in the expanding media and marketplace at local and global levels.
Wesolowshi, Katya. 2012. Professionalizing Capoeira: The Politics of Play in Twenty-First-Century Brazil. Latin American perspectives Issue 183, 39(2):82-92.
de la Cadena, Dr. Marisol, U. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC - To aid conference on purity of blood to indigenous social movements: cultural race, racism, and meanings of Mestizaje in the Andes and Cen. Amer., 2002, Iowa City, with Laura Gotkowitz