To support the development of a doctoral program in anthropology at Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - Institutional Development Grant
The Department of Social Anthropology at Addis Ababa University launched a Ph.D program in 2010 on its own. In collaboration with anthropology departments in Europe, US, and Japan, the Department now intends to improve the theoretical and methodological training of Ph.D. students. The IDG grant will be used to intensify international exposure and exchange; improve the quality of anthropological training by bringing in experienced guest lectuerers and disseration co-advisors and examiners; upgrade the current curriculum in consultation with partner institutions; provide modest support for student field research; and build up the library and electronic resources. Ethiopia has a great need for highly trained anthropologists in academic and non-academic positions and the IDG will help the Department to train future generations to fill these positions. It will also help promote anthropology as an academic discipline in Ethiopia, where it is little known. By training local anthropologists who will do their fieldwork in their own country, we also wish to achieve a greater transparency in the dissemination of results among the researched communities and thus achieve a greater engagement.
Scales, David A., Yale U., New Haven, CT - To aid research on 'Contesting Sovereignty with Epidemic Emergencies at the World Health Organization,' supervised by Dr. Julia Potter Adams
DAVID A. SCALES, then a student at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, was awarded funding in October 2007 to aid research on 'Contesting Sovereignty with Epidemic Emergencies at the World Health Organization,' supervised by Dr. Julia P. Adams. This project examined how epidemic emergencies appeared to be transferring sovereignty to the World Health Organization (WHO) from its member states, as evidenced by new international agreements such as the International Health Regulations (2005 IHR) and the organization's workings in the area of pandemic influenza planning, surveillance, and control. A total of six months at the World Health Organization was spent doing ethnography, archival research, and a series of interviews with key informants. Particular attention was paid to how the organization seeks to implement the IHR and how its member states find ways to avoid the reporting requirements of the regulations. In addition, observing the revision process for the WHO's global influenza pandemic preparedness plan and the proceedings of the Codes Alimentarius Commission gave insight into tacit and explicit agreements that, while differing drastically in levels of enforcement, are all at the border between science and international policy. Moreover, these ongoing processes provided a glimpse into how the WHO attempts to reproduce their authority through meetings and consultations designed to demonstrate their neutrality, objectivity, and expertise. How effectively it is able to reproduce this authority affects how member states perceive and react to the organization and its initiatives.
Li, Yongxiang, Yunnan Acdemy of Social Sciences, Yunnan, China - To purchase video equipment, computer and books, and to hold a conference for the dept. of ethnic folklore literature at Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences, Yunnan, China
Gilbert, Dr. Andrew, McMaster U., Hamilton, Ontario, Canada - To aid workshop on 'Towards an Anthropology of International Intervention,' 2013, McMaster U.
Preliminary abstract: This workshop proposes to chart new theoretical territory and set a new agenda for an ethnographically-grounded, historically-sensitive anthropology of international intervention in the 21st century. The world has recently witnessed the proliferation of new and ambitious forms of foreign intervention by powerful Western states, guided by rationales and aims that were only nascent during the Cold War. Initiated at moments of political and humanitarian crisis, such interventions seek not only to bring care to the suffering or an end to conflict, but also use such occasions to transform the conditions which lie at the root of conflict and suffering. To this end, and often under conditions of military occupation or foreign supervision, such interventions sought to transform the very nature of the social. Anthropology has played a modest role in the critical scholarship that has responded to this proliferation of foreign interventions. Drawing on a range of theory, anthropologists have offered important critiques designed to show that the modes of power exercised in the name of care or democracy are anything but benign. With a few exceptions, however, anthropological scholarship has focused largely on the interveners and their ambitions, thus excluding attention to those intervened upon, as well as the complex relations between the two that arise out of the intervention encounter. Much of this work is also ethnographically or historically thin when it comes to discussing the effects of such interventions on the people and places that are the objects of intervention. This workshop will put current anthropological accounts and their theoretical underpinnings into conversation with the research of a new generation of younger scholars with extensive ethnographic experience working across diverse sites of intervention. By situating international intervention projects within the wider social and cultural fields in which they take place, this workshop seeks to build upon this important work and act as a corrective to some of its gaps.
Bazin, Dr. Laurent, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, France - To aid 'Third WCAA Meeting for Diverse Anthropologies with Multiple Publics,' 2010, Maynooth, Ireland, in collaboration with Dr. Andrew David Spiegel
Preliminary abstract: The WCAA's biennial third meeting is attached to the 2010 EASA conference 'Crisis and Imagination'. It provides opportunity for WCAA delegates (i) to compare the extent to which engagements with our 'publics' are critical to the discipline's future and ability to address contemporary crises; and (ii) to consider new imaginative ways of dealing with national/regional constraints on our public engagements. WCAA's workshop at the conference is entitled 'Diverse anthropologies with multiple publics: Crisis or imaginative responses?' Anthropological practices, concerns and engagements with our publics are often significantly affected by the national and/or regional contexts wherein anthropologists are based as researchers or citizens, particularly by the distinct political processes and structures of nation-states. Such contextual differences may yield various, even incommensurate modes of anthropological practice and engagement with our respective publics and processes of globalisation. The workshop considers how historical and contemporary contexts have influenced the anthropological approaches prevalent in selected countries or regions. Its primary focus is on differences in how anthropologists engage with their respective publics and how that in turn influences their broader engagement with globalisation in the discipline and beyond. The workshop is structured around sets of paired papers written to create a dialogue between their authors.
Sosna, Dr. Daniel, U. of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Czech Republic - To aid 'European Workshop of the Society for Anthropological Sciences,' 2010, U. of West Bohemia, in collaboration with Dr. Stephen Michael Lyon
'Workshop of the Society for Anthropological Sciences'
September 22-44, 2010, American Center, Pilsen, Czech Republic
Organizers: Daniel Sosna (University of West Bohemia), Stephen Lyon and David Henig (Durham University)
The first European workshop of the Society for Anthropological Sciences (SASci) was aimed at the promotion of rigorous approaches to the study of human sociocultural and biological variability. The primary goal of the workshop was the advancement of formal scientific approaches in anthropology. The last thirty years have witnessed the development
of a critical anthropology fostering the view that anthropology has been a literary project where rhetorical sophistication prevailed. SASci has grown out of the activities of anthropologists who prefer holistic and scientifically rigorous views of anthropology. The second goal of the workshop was to investigate the overlaps and tensions among subdisciplines
of anthropology through interdisciplinary design. The organizers assumed that the crucial predisposition for participation in the workshop was not the topic of research but the point of view. Formal approaches were applied to various anthropological topics including kinship terminologies, evolution of language and material culture, cognition and mortuary practices. The discussions demonstrated that formal methods can accommodate various kinds of anthropological data and expand to new spheres of interest.
Marquez Belloni, Dr. Francisca, U. Academia Humanismo Cristiano, Santiago, Chile - To aid VI Congreso Chileno de Antropologia: 'Las miradas del sur,' 2007, U. Austral de Chile, Valdivia, in collaboration with Dr. Roberto Morales Urra
'VI Chilean Congress of Anthropology/VI Congreso Chileno de Antropología'
November 6-9, 2007, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile
Organizers: Dr. Francisca Marquez Belloni (Universidad Academia Humanismo Cristiano, Santiago, Chile) and Dr. Roberto Morales Urra (Universidad Austral)
The Chilean Association of Anthropology (Colegio de Antropólogos de Chile) was charged to organize the VI Chilean Congress of Anthropology (VI Congreso Chileno de Antropología). This Congress was hosted on the Isla Tejas Campus of the Universidad Austral de Chile. The Congress combined public lectures by invited key speakers, round tables on the key issues defined for the conference, and symposia for the presentation and discussion of original research results. The 'VI Chilean Congress of Anthropology' presented the opportunity for thinking and debating issues facing cultures in the southern hemisphere brought about by a globalized world. The development of new theoretical paradigms and methodologies both in Europe and the United States has greatly influenced the research questions and the anthropological profession in general in Latin American countries. This heritage from the north, however, has not been free of tensions and contradictions. South American anthropologists need to ask themselves questions and debate issues like: 1) the problems that globalization impose on building a comprehensive anthropology in the southern latitudes; 2) the construction of new theoretical paradigms and new methodologies in the light of the problems facing Latin American cultures; and 3) the challenges and demands imposed by professional ethics in a continent greatly affected by impoverishment, inequality, environmental crisis and violation of social, cultural, economic and political rights of the excluded minorities.
Bueno Castellanos, Dr. Carmen, U. Iberoamericana, Mexico City, Mexico - To aid workshop on 'Multiple Epistemologies:Knowledge & Culture, Knowledge & Inter-culturality, Knowledge & Space,' 2013, U. Iberoamericana, in collaboration with Dr. Michael Kuhn
'Multiple Epistemologies: Knowledge & Culture, Knowledge & Inter-Culturality, Knowledge & Space'
February 21-22, 2013, U. Iberoamericana, Mexico City, Mexico
Organizers: Carmen Bueno Castellanos (U. Iberoamericana) and Michael Kuhn (World SSH Net)
This workshop of The World Social Sciences and Humanities Network (World SSH Net) was conducted as a 'think-shop' providing a platform where interdisciplinary dialogue and international representation could develop joint reflections with a global perspective on the following four topics: 1) Contemporary critique strands of the universalization of the 'Western' social sciences. Essential knowledge paradigms and concepts and its relation to a totalizing, colonizing, global discourse; 2) The characteristics of the alterative or indigenous knowledge systems beyond the 'Western' concept of knowledge: Grand theory and its relation to local forms of cultural and social analysis and its engagement with non-hegemonic understandings; 3) The role of science for society and politics. The impact of the internationalization and unification of academic standards, knowledge commodification, application of managerial systems in universities and research institutions. Other alternatives of knowledge production: think-tanks, NGO´s; 4) The Globalizing Social Science possibilities of opening spaces for developing new approaches, regaining and reinvigorating generative traditions of many local forms of cultural and social interpretations of social life.