Leopold, Dr. Robert, National Anthropological Archives, Suitland, MD - To aid final accession of the personal research materials of Dr. Alan Harwood and Dr. Carol Kramer -- Historical Archives Program Accession Supplement
Ficek Torres, Rosa Elena, Wesleyan U., Middletown, CT - To aid engaged activities on 'Collaborations for a Digital Exhibit: Perspectives on Integration from the Margins of Panama,' 2015, Panama
Preliminary abstract: The extension of the Pan American Highway into eastern Panama in the 1970s was an integration project seeking to assimilate this frontier into the nation by facilitating the migration of mestizo settlers who would carry out the state's civilizing mission. With Wenner-Gren funding, I collected and analyzed oral histories of migration and community formation among settlers and the region's indigenous and afrodescendent inhabitants, and found that integration points not to assimilation but rather to an ongoing process of encounter and negotiation among heterogeneous actors. These findings contradict dominant representations of eastern Panama as an isolated, violent, wilderness frontier. During interviews, many of my interlocutors expressed dissatisfaction with these representations. The proposed project addresses these concerns by creating a digital exhibit about migration and community formation in the region. The exhibit will use text, photographs and video interviews to document the history of three highway communities where I will conduct oral history workshops in which the topics and interviewees will be identified. The exhibit will provide perspectives on national belonging beyond the transit zone culture associated with the Panama Canal, promote intercultural dialogue in eastern Panama, and serve as a resource for Panamanian scholars working on migration, colonization, and development.
Anderson, Dr. David G. U. of Tromso, Tromso, Norway; and Arzyutov, Dr. Dmitry, U. of Saint-Petersburg - To aid collaborative research on 'The Concept Of The 'Ethnos' In Post-Soviet Russia: The Ethnogenesis Of The Peoples Of The North'
Preliminary abstract: Building on the observations of Earnest Gellner, that in Russia and Eastern Europe social and political thought has been incubated specifically within the discipline of ethnography , this project aims to examine the status of ethnogenetic thinking in post-Soviet Russia. The 'ethnos' concept, with its radical 'primordialism' has been associated strongly with Soviet state-building creating an unarticulated assumption that theory crumbled along with Soviet institutions. It has been one of the surprises of the post-Soviet transition that 'ethnos-style' thinking not only persists but is a vibrant part of the Russian anthropological context. Given that European and North American anthropologists have traditionally interpreted ethnos theory as a sort of deserted island, isolated from the main currents of the discipline, this project aims to rewrite the concept in an active mood demonstrating its evocativeness both to contemporary Russian society and to the discipline as a whole. The project will therefore make use of the interpretative ethnographic techniques developed by historians of science to examine the life history and archaeology of the concept. Although ethnos theory has been widely documented and criticised in English language anthropology, this project, through making use of the archived fieldnotes of late Soviet ethnos-theorists, as well as interviewing contemporary ethnos-craftspeople, will be one of the first to write an epistemology of this tradition. To begin to build a bridge between these traditions the project will organise a set of interviews and collate some unique archival materials. Following from the fieldwork,and beyond the project, the authors will publish the work as a collective book manuscript
Sosna, Dr. Daniel, U. of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Czech Republic - To aid 'European Workshop of the Society for Anthropological Sciences,' 2010, U. of West Bohemia, in collaboration with Dr. Stephen Michael Lyon
'Workshop of the Society for Anthropological Sciences'
September 22-44, 2010, American Center, Pilsen, Czech Republic
Organizers: Daniel Sosna (University of West Bohemia), Stephen Lyon and David Henig (Durham University)
The first European workshop of the Society for Anthropological Sciences (SASci) was aimed at the promotion of rigorous approaches to the study of human sociocultural and biological variability. The primary goal of the workshop was the advancement of formal scientific approaches in anthropology. The last thirty years have witnessed the development
of a critical anthropology fostering the view that anthropology has been a literary project where rhetorical sophistication prevailed. SASci has grown out of the activities of anthropologists who prefer holistic and scientifically rigorous views of anthropology. The second goal of the workshop was to investigate the overlaps and tensions among subdisciplines
of anthropology through interdisciplinary design. The organizers assumed that the crucial predisposition for participation in the workshop was not the topic of research but the point of view. Formal approaches were applied to various anthropological topics including kinship terminologies, evolution of language and material culture, cognition and mortuary practices. The discussions demonstrated that formal methods can accommodate various kinds of anthropological data and expand to new spheres of interest.
Griffiths, Dr. Anne, Edinburgh U., Edinburgh, Scotland - To aid conference on anthropological perspectives on law: governmentality, the state, and transnational processes, 2004, Halle, Germany, in collaboration with Drs. F. and K. von Benda Beckmann
'Developing Anthropology of Law in a Transnational World: Governmentality, the State, Transnational Process of Law,' June 9-11, 2005, Edinburgh, Scotland -- Organizers: Dr. Anne Griffiths (Edinburgh University), Franz von Benda Beckman, and Keeta von Benda Beckmann (Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology). This interdisciplinary conference examined anthropological contributions to the debates on globalization and governmentality, exploring the crucial role that law plays in these processes under conditions of accelerating mobility across national frontiers of people, capital technology, communication, and knowledge. It did so from a perspective that engaged with social actors, networks, and multiple legal constellations that not only operate in a global, international and national arena, but also at a local level. The contributions not only addressed theoretical questions about justice and the contours of legality/illegality, but also presented empirically grounded research that addressed differing modes of governance in varying contexts. These included development cooperation and resource management, the treatment of minorities, international human rights (with a special focus on youth, adoption, and gender relations) and religion. In adopting this approach, the conference highlighted the inadequacies of mainstream thinking in law and political science that upholds the ideological notion of the state as the only legitimate and authoritative unit of political organization.
Behrouzan, Orkideh, M.I.T, Cambridge, MA - To aid research on 'Prozak Diaries: Alternative Genealogies of Psychiatric Selves, Discourses, and Dealing with Conditions of Impossibility in Post-War Iran,' supervised by Dr. Michael Fischer
Preliminary abstract removed at grantee's request.
Taole, Elizabeth M., U. of Witswatersrand, Wits, South Africa - To support training of black South Africans in social Anthropology at the U. of Witwatersrand, Wits, South Africa, supervised by Dr. Czegledy