Abbots, Dr. Emma-Jayne, U. of Wales, Lampeter, Wales, UK - To aid workshop on 'Embodied Encounters: Exploring the Materialities of Food Stuffs,' 2014, U. of Wales, in collaboration with Dr. Louise Steel
Preliminary abstract: Material objects are, and have always been, central to the production, distribution and consumption of food and drink. Whether they take the form of threshing stones, urns, knives and forks, or branded food wrappings, to name just a few examples, the artefacts and materialities of food mediate, and are mediated by, humans' embodied engagements with foods and the environments in which they are produced, prepared, exchanged and consumed. Yet, despite a resurgent interest in the materialities and sensory experience of food, cultural anthropology has tended to overlook food's objects in favour of focusing on its symbolic resonance and political economy. In other words, the object of study has been the food itself, together with its producers and consumers, rather than the artefacts through which it comes into our lives. Conversely, while the material culture of food has been central to archaeological and historical enquiry, the emphasis on interpretation of meaning, together with temporal distance, has obscured the embodied experience. To date, these different perspectives and research questions have arguably limited new understandings that can emerge from interdisciplinary approaches. The workshop aims to challenge these boundaries by drawing into dialogue cultural anthropologists, archaeologists, and a small number of those in cognate disciplines, to explore the embodied knowledges that emerge from material food encounters and, in turn, the ways these knowledges shape the material culture of food. As such, the workshop will explore the multiple interplays between foods, bodies, material worlds and knowledge. In so doing it will broaden 'food studies' theoretical contribution to the wider discipline of anthropology by developing a conceptual toolkit and practical methods, grounded in ethnographic and archaeological case studies, that will augment our current understanding of material encounters with food in both contemporary and historical contexts.
Sjoerslev, Dr. Inger G., Institute of Anthropology, Copenhagen, Denmark - To aid 7th biennial of the European Association of Social Anthropologists (EASA), 2002, Copenhagen, in collaboration with Dr. Jon P. Mitchell
Gilbert, Dr. Andrew, McMaster U., Hamilton, Ontario, Canada - To aid workshop on 'Towards an Anthropology of International Intervention,' 2013, McMaster U.
Preliminary abstract: This workshop proposes to chart new theoretical territory and set a new agenda for an ethnographically-grounded, historically-sensitive anthropology of international intervention in the 21st century. The world has recently witnessed the proliferation of new and ambitious forms of foreign intervention by powerful Western states, guided by rationales and aims that were only nascent during the Cold War. Initiated at moments of political and humanitarian crisis, such interventions seek not only to bring care to the suffering or an end to conflict, but also use such occasions to transform the conditions which lie at the root of conflict and suffering. To this end, and often under conditions of military occupation or foreign supervision, such interventions sought to transform the very nature of the social. Anthropology has played a modest role in the critical scholarship that has responded to this proliferation of foreign interventions. Drawing on a range of theory, anthropologists have offered important critiques designed to show that the modes of power exercised in the name of care or democracy are anything but benign. With a few exceptions, however, anthropological scholarship has focused largely on the interveners and their ambitions, thus excluding attention to those intervened upon, as well as the complex relations between the two that arise out of the intervention encounter. Much of this work is also ethnographically or historically thin when it comes to discussing the effects of such interventions on the people and places that are the objects of intervention. This workshop will put current anthropological accounts and their theoretical underpinnings into conversation with the research of a new generation of younger scholars with extensive ethnographic experience working across diverse sites of intervention. By situating international intervention projects within the wider social and cultural fields in which they take place, this workshop seeks to build upon this important work and act as a corrective to some of its gaps.
Barros, Dr. Alonso, U. Catolica del Norte, Chile - To purchase computer, other electronic equipment, and to finance national expert workshop, at the Universidad Catolica del Norte, San Pedro de Atacama, Chile
Hanna, Dr. Judith L, Bethesda, MD - To aid preparation of personal research materials for archival deposit with the American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, Washington, DC - Historical Archives Program