Di Rosa, Dario, Australian National U., Canberra, Australia - To aid research on 'Remembering the Colonial Past: Histories and Historicities of Kerewo People (Gulf Province, Papua New Guinea),' supervised by Dr. Christopher Hugh Lewis Ballard
Preliminary abstract: Blending archival research and ethnographic fieldwork, the present project explores what role knowledge of the colonial past plays in understanding 'modernity' among Kerewo people of Papua New Guinea. When the missionary James Chalmers was killed in a Kerewo village in 1901, the colonial government intervened with three subsequent punitive expeditions. Shortly after, Kerewo people were incorporated in the colonial state and under the mission influence, leading to the suppression of head-hunting and their incorporation into an unstable labour market. Memories of these experiences, read through the lens of indigenous epistemology, today form a means of understanding present relations with global forces such as Christianity, capitalist development and the nation-state. Through an ethnography of historical consciousness and the micro-politics of remembering, I intend to contribute to contemporary debates about notions of 'historicity' on one side, and 'modernity' on the other, paying attention to the role played by history in everyday life as a source for understanding relations which shape individual agency in the present/future.
O'Reilly, Jessica, U. of California, Santa Cruz, CA - To aid research on 'Policy and Practice in Antarctic Specially Managed Areas,' supervised by Dr. Hugh Raffles
JESSICA O'REILLY, then a student at University of California, Santa Cruz, California, received funding in October 2005 to aid research on 'Policy and Practice in Antarctic Specially Managed Areas,' supervised by Dr. Hugh Raffles. What are the practices -- discursive or otherwise -- through which scientists and other Antarctic community members succeed at making Antarctica a model of environmentalism as well as a place of 'peace and science'? Research activities involved twelve months of fieldwork in Christchurch, New Zealand, working with an Antarctic scientific research expedition, observing conferences, meetings, and workshops, and conducting ethnographic interviews. This project is based upon an analysis of the relationships between scientists and policy makers at the McMurdo Dry Valleys Antarctic Specially Managed Area (ASMA). However, the people involved in the Dry Valleys ASMA are also intensely involved in other emerging Antarctic environmental issues. Therefore, this project examines articulations of policy and practice not only in ASMA management plans and implementation, but also in the histories of Antarctic environmental practices, competing strategies about non-native species in the Antarctic, and the ways in which Antarctic experts engage with non-experts over the science and politics of climate change. The resulting dissertation will analyze the ways in which Antarctic science and policy complicate each other and the ways in which scientists, policy makers, Antarctic lifeforms and object, data, and paperwork are arranged to influence environmental management on the continent.
West, Dr. Paige C., Barnard College, New York, NY- To aid research on 'From Modern Production to Imagined Primitive: Tracing the Commodity Ecumene for Papua New Guinean Coffee'
DR. PAIGE WEST, Barnard College, New York, New York, was awarded funding in April 2005 to aid research on 'From Modern Production to Imagined Primitive: Tracing the Commodity Ecumene for Papua New Guinean Coffee.' This project examined the meaning and value attributed to coffee along its commodity chain from production in rural Papua New Guinea (PNG), distribution from Urban Papua New Guinea, and marketing and consumption in Europe, Australia, and the United States. Through interviews with producers, distributors, traders, marketers, roasters, coffee shop owners, and consumers the project showed how coffee from PNG goes from meaning 'we are developed,' to 'this bean is the same as a bean from Kenya,' to 'this product was grown by primitive peoples in pristine settings.' These meanings work to create certain ways of valuing the coffee. This project also examines the hierarchies of value that surround the coffee along its commodity trajectory.
Lempert, William David, U. of Colorado, Boulder, CO - To aid research on 'Broadcasting Indigeneity: The Social Life of Aboriginal Media,' supervised by Dr. Jennifer Shannon
Preliminary abstract: In the opening months of 2013, the first national 24-hour Indigenous Australian television networks were launched, representing two distinct sensibilities of Aboriginal media aesthetics and economics--grassroots community vs. polished professional--that have emerged at the local, regional, and now national levels. These Indigenous mass media represent less than 3% of the total population, yet have received desirable slots on the national satellite network that is newly capable of reaching all remote Aboriginal communities. To follow the social lives of Indigenous video projects from initial idea through local reception, I will participate within the production teams at Goolarri and PAKAM, two cohabiting Indigenous media organizations that closely map onto, and disproportionately contribute to, these national networks. Rather than asking what identity is, I seek to complicate and illuminate anthropological understandings of indigeneity by revealing how Indigenous media makers negotiate the manifold often-paradoxical pressures that shape their final products. With unusually high levels of media productivity and success in Aboriginal political activism, the regional hub of Broome and the Aboriginal community of Yungngora in Northwestern Australia will provide an ideal backdrop for articulating the stakes that are at play in the ways in which Indigenous peoples represent different visions of indigeneity.
Paini, Dr. Anna Maria, U. of Verona, Italy - To aid conference of the European Society for Oceanists on 'Putting People First: Intercultural Dialogue and Imagining the Future in Oceania,' 2008, Verona, in collaboration with Dr. Elisabetta Gnecchi Ruscone
''Putting People First': Intercultural Dialogue and Imagining the Future in Oceania: Seventh ESfO (European Society for Oceanists) Conference'
July 10-12, 2008, Universitá degli Studi di Verona, Verona, Italy
Organizers: Anna Paini (Universitá delgi Studi di Verona) and Elisabetta Gnecchi Ruscone (Universitá Milano Bicocca)
Among the goals of this conference (organized by ESfO and the Università degli Studi di Verona) were: 1) to critically reassess the aspirations expressed in the 1993 'Putting People First' Suva Declaration on Sustainable Development, to examine contemporary Pacific ways of facing controversies and contradictions of our time; 2) to provide a venue for Oceanist scholarship in Europe, bringing together (for the first time in Italy) international scholars to debate contemporary theoretical issues relevant to Oceania and beyond; 3) to create occasions for Pacific scholars to engage a wider audience; 4) to promote scholarly dialogue between 'francophone' and 'anglophone' regions; 5) to foster relations between scholars and institutions with an interest in Oceania. Over 200 speakers participated in the plenary and in the 13 parallel sessions. A new format for ESfO conferences -- the roundtable ''Putting People First': Fifteen Years On' -- was organized as a plenary session to ensure greater visibility to Pacific Island speakers, resulting in a successful and stimulating event. Following ESfO tradition, the book of abstracts was distributed to all participants, and four edited volumes are being considered for publication.
West, Dr. Cathrine P., Rutgers U., New Brunswick, NJ - To aid research and writing on 'Conservation and Development at Crater Mountain' - Richard Carley Hunt Fellowship
West, Paige. 2003. Knowing the Fight: The Politics of Conservation in Papua New Guinea. Anthropology in Action 10(2):38-45.
West, Paige. 2004. Translation, Value, and Space: Theorizing an Ethnographic and Engaged. Environmental Anthropology. American Anthropologist 107(4):632-642.
West, Paige. 2005. Holding the Story Forever: The Aesthetics of Ethnographic Labour. Anthropological Forum 15(3):267-275.
West, Paige. 2006. Environmental Conservation and Mining: Between Experience and Expectation in the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea. The Contemporary Pacific 18(2):295-313.
West, Paige. 2006. Conservation Is Our Government Now: The Politics of Ecology in Papua New Guinea. Duke University Press: Durham and London.
West, C. Paige, and David Ellis. 2004. Local History as ‘Indigenous Knowledge’: Aeroplanes, Conservation, and
Development in Haia and Maimafu, Papua New Guinea, pp. 105-127, in Investigating Local Knowledge: New Directions, New Approaches, (Eds. Alan Bicker, Paul Sillitoe, and Johan Pottier, eds.) Ashgate, Aldershot, United
West, Paige, James Igoe, and Dan Brockington. 2004. Parks and Peoples: The Social Impact of Protected Areas. Annual Reviews in Anthropology 35:251-277.
Carrier, James G. and Paige West. 2004. Ecotourism and Authenticity: Getting Away from It All? Current Anthropology 45(4):483-497.
Brockington, Dan and Paige West. 2004. An Anthropological Perspective on Some Unexpected Consequences of Protected Areas. Conservation Biology 20(3):609-616.
Dussart, Dr. Francoise Denise, U. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT - To aid research on 'Living with Chronic Illness in Aboriginal Australia'
DR. FRANCOISE DENISE DUSSART, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, received funding in October 2006 to aid research on 'Living with Chronic Illness in Aboriginal Australia.' The inequitable distribution of medical services endured by Central Australian Desert Warlpiri patients suffering chronic kidney disease constitutes only one part of a much broader problem. How can Warlpiri people follow preventative prescriptions of the bio-normalizing guidelines when they do not have the resources to do so? The Warlpiri community of Yuendumu lacks what is determined key by health-care providers to offset chronic disease such as 'proper' food, 'literacy', and 'exercise'. If life-style is destiny, the future of Yuendumu seems bleak. An analysis of in-depth interviews with 57 patients with chronic kidney disease, interactions among patients, local health-care providers, and healing performers, sheds light on alternative and competing rationales and practices through which patients and their relatives make sense of diagnoses and the burdens of living with chronic illness. An analysis of narratives of coping with the chronic - inter-produced by several local and national constituencies - brings us closer to an understanding of the complex re-articulations of indigenousness in contemporary Australia.
Dussart, Francoise. 2010. Diet, diabetes and relatedness in a central Australian Aboriginal settlement: some qualitative recommendations to facilitate the creation of culturally sensitive health promotion initiatives. Health Promotion Journal of Australia 20: 202-2007.
Dussart, Francoise. 2010. It is Hard to Be Sick Now: Diabetes and the Reconstruction of Indigenous Sociality. Anthropologyica 52: 1-11.
Lindstrom, Dr. Lamont, U. o f Tulsa, Tulsa, OK - To aid research on 'Resilient Lives: Postcolonial Personhood in Vanuatu'
DR. LAMONT LINDSTROM, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma, was awarded funding in May 2010 to aid research on 'Resilient Lives: Postcolonial Personhood in Vanuatu.' Significant rural-urban migration has characterized the postcolonial Melanesian states including Vanuatu. Over the past 30 years, most people who once lived in Samaria village (Tanna island) have moved to squatter settlements that ring Port Vila, Vanuatu's capital town. Life history interviews (in SE Tanna Nife/Kwamera language) with thirteen migrants now living in Port Vila's Blacksands and Ohlen neighborhoods, and also with seven villagers remaining back on Tanna, were digitally recorded during July-September 2010. These life histories of island friends first encountered in 1978, now being analyzed, inform developing anthropological theory of Melanesian personhood -- notably that the traditional person was 'dividual' and 'partible'-- especially as local notions of persons have transformed in response to postcolonial life experience. They also document peoples' participation in urban migration, wage-labor, mobile telephony and other new media, religious organization, urban leadership and dispute settlement, and other aspects of urban life and how this participation shapes developing Melanesian sociability and culture.