Breglia, Lisa C., Rice U., Houston, TX - To aid research on 'Preservation through Privatization: Maya Heritage Workers and Transnational Institutions in Yucatan, Mexico,' supervised by Dr. George E. Marcus
LISA C. BREGLIA, while a student at Rice University in Houston, Texas, received funding in January 2002 to aid research on Maya heritage workers and transnational institutions in Yucatán, Mexico, under the supervision of Dr. George E. Marcus. Breglia's ethnographic and historical study was based on the premise that archaeological ruins in Mexico, although juridically mandated as national property, are, in practice, sites of multiple, coexisting claims of ownership, custodianship, and inheritance. Focusing on the recent interventions of Mexican cultural institutions, foreign archaeological research, and U.S. and Mexican nongovernmental organizations, Breglia demonstrated how de jure policies and de facto practices of privatization at the archaeological site of Chunchucmil arose historically and affected the Maya community of Kochol in terms of the ownership, use, and tenure of land within the archaeological zone. She also investigated how local patrimonial claims to and understandings of the ruins were situated in relation to state policy regarding the ownership and custodianship of cultural materials, issues of jurisdiction and access within archaeological zones, and the ongoing efforts of U.S. and Mexican interest groups to develop archaeological sites and promote both scientific knowledge of ancient Maya civilization and international cultural tourism.
Worthington, Nancy Hayden, Barnard College., New York, NY - To aid research on ''Healing Hearts and Training Minds': Pediatric Heart Surgery Missions and Globally Circulating Biotechnologies,' supervised by Dr. Lesley Sharp
NANCY H. WORTHINGTON, then a student at Barnard College, New York, New York, received a grant in April 2011 to aid research on ''Healing Hearts and Training Minds in Honduras': Pediatric Heart Surgery Missions and Globally Circulating Biotechnologies,' supervised by Dr. Lesley Sharp. In poor countries, children with heart defects either go untreated, which can result in an early death, or are transferred overseas for surgical intervention. Now these children are treated in country by traveling cardiovascular teams. This study involved thirteen months of ethnographic field research in Honduras to examine the practices, meanings, and effects associated with this contemporary form of medical technology transfer. Cardiovascular teams develop innovations to address challenging situations they encounter globally, which supports the idea that biomedicine is not universally the same. Access to leading-edge treatments in a poor country also refines current thinking about medical migration, since a superior form of pediatric heart care is being made available to not medical migrants but those from whom medical travel is impossible. Honduran parents consent to even the riskiest procedures. Giving the difficulties associated with managing a chronic illness in a poor country, they view surgery as a means to a better future. Such desires, however, do not always come to fruition, thus extending the idea within anthropology that humanitarian efforts may restore only minimalist survival-a limitation must be seen as not the fault of humanitarian actors but a function of the wider contexts in which they work.
Hamann, Byron E., U. of Chicago, Chicago, IL - To aid research on 'Bad Christians, New Spains: Colonization, Community, and Inquisition in Sixteenth-Century Yanhuitlan and Valencia,' supervised by Dr. Kathleen Morrison
BYRON E. HAMANN, then a student at University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, was awarded a grant in April 2005 to aid research on 'Bad Christians, New Spains: Colonization, Community, and Inquisition in Sixteenth-Century Yanhuitlan and Valencia,' supervised by Dr. Kathleen Morrison. 'Bad Christians, New Spain' is a project focused on two inquisition investigations (one from Valencia, Spain, and one from Oaxaca, Mexico) in order to study the connections linking Spain's internal colonization of Muslims in the sixteenth-century to Spain's external colonization of Native Americans at the same time. Wenner-Gren funded a year of archival research in Madrid, Sevilla, Mexico City, and Oaxaca City. In Madrid, a complete transcription of the Valencian trial was completed, and additional materials (on an Imperial College founded to teach the children of Muslim elites, on the groundplans of inquisitorial buildings, and on the economic and cultural situation of Muslims in 1540s Valencia) were gathered. In Mexico, published transcriptions of the Oaxacan trial were corrected, and a rich and unstudied body of colonial land documents, filled with the names of Mixtec sacred sites recorded in Mixtec, was discovered. In Sevilla, further colonial land documents were consulted, and unexpected connections were found to the main protagonist of the Valencian trial: he was married to the granddaughter of Christopher Columbus, and at the time of his investigation by the Inquisition the couple was involved in other litigations over riches from the Caribbean.
Nelson, Dr. Diane M., Duke U., Durham, NC - To aid workshop on revisiting Guatemala's harvest of violence: anthropology and the persistence of war in a post-war society, 2004, Duke U., in collaboration with Dr. Carlota McAllister
Sampeck, Dr. Kathryn E., Illinois State U., Normal, IL - To aid workshop on 'Indigenous Literacy in Mesoamerica and the Colonial World,' 2012, Brown U., Providence, RI
Preliminary abstract: Diverse realms of Mesoamerica were bound together through shared literary systems. This workshop will explore the distribution of literacy in Mesoamerica at contact and the ways writing systems, content, and genres were mutually appropriated by indigenous and Spanish colonial authors. Europeans and creoles saw indigenous literacy as both a challenge to authority and as a touchstone for their own civility. Indigenous writers used European genres and mythic elements as both a means to power as well as to re-cast crucial elements of indigenous ethos and worldview. Writing enabled authors and their social groups to link with the past, negotiate the present, and set the stage for the future. Furthermore, literacy was a key tool for illiterate Mesoamericans; the inability to read did not daunt Mesoamericans from working within literate realms and they were thus indelible in the documentary record. The repercussions of colonial writing by both the subaltern and those in power are still felt today; participation by indigenous scholars will provide crucial commentary on the negotiation of literacy. Exploration of literacy delves into questions of persistence and metamorphosis and shows that indigenous writing had not only local effects, but also formed strands of connection within the Atlantic World.
Sandoval-Garcia, Dr. Carlos, U. of Costa Rica, San Jose, Costa Rica - To aid research on ' Racialization, Urban Segregation and Subject Formation in La Carpio, Costa Rica'
DR. CARLOS SANDOVAL-GARCIA, University of Costa Rica, San Jose, Costa Rica, was awarded a grant in November 2005 to aid research on 'Racialization, Urban Segregation and Subject Formation in La Carpio, Costa Rica.' Bordered on the north and south by polluted rivers and on the east by the largest garbage dump in Costa Rica, La Carpio is a poor and humble urban community where half of its about 22,000 inhabitants have a Nicaraguan background. The community was founded in 1994, when a small group of families took possession of land owned by the Costa Rican social security system. With access to the settlement limited to a single road, the community is effectively isolated from its neighbors and from the metropolitan area. The project invited members of La Carpio to join a literary contest in which they would write, draw, or be interviewed on their lived experience. At the end, 415 people submitted their works. Despite the fact that members of the community have experienced a wide number of mobilizations around claims for justice -- including access to property rights and basic public facilities such as water, electricity, education, among others -- most of their narratives emphasize insecurity and criminality as key themes for representing their community. The project reflects on some of the multiple factors that could explain why they do not often translate their mobilizations into their narratives. It also explores the implications of this lack of a more visible, communal counter-memory for their collective identity formation and their pursuit of practical (not only formal) citizenship.
Sandoval-Garcia, Carlos. 2007. Nuestras Vidas En Carpio. Editorial Universidad de Costa Rica: San Jose, Coast
Burrell, Dr. Jennifer L., SUNY, Albany, New York - To aid workshop on 'After the Handshakes: Rethinking Democracy and Living Transition in Central America,' 2008, SUNY, in collaboration with Dr. Ellen Elizabeth Moodie
'After the Handshakes: Rethinking Democracy and Living Transition in Central America'
September 11-13, 2008, University at Albany, Albany, New York
Organizers: Jennifer Burrell, (University at Albany) and Ellen Moodie (University of Illinois - Urbana)
Scholars from Costa Rica, Guatemala, Sweden, and the United States -- representing a broad range of disciplines including anthropology, sociology, political science, development studies, and ethnohistory -- came together in Albany, New York, to discuss interconnecting themes involving anthropology in Central America and the question of the currency of the
concept of 'area.' Five sessions over the course of three days addressed such topics as: the establishment of value; neoliberal and multicultural practices and their inter-relationships; indigeneity and politics; human rights, racism, and democratic practices; the environment and tourism; tourism and neoliberal practices, and migration and out-migration in relation to these. A series of ethnographic case studies illuminated the kinds of political, social, and economic transitions currently experienced in the area and what these look like as people grapple with them and experience them in their everyday lives. A volume of the conference papers is in progress.
Yates-Doerr, Dr. Emily, U. of Amsterdam, The Netherlands - To aid engaged activities on 'Translation in Practice: Obesity, Fatness, and Dietary Health in Guatemala,' 2013, Guatemala City and Quetzaltenango, Guatemala
DR. EMILY YATES-DOERR, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, was awarded an Engaged Anthropology Grant in August 2012 to aid 'Translation in Practice: Obesity, Fatness, and Dietary Health in Guatemala.' This engagement project comprised three collaborative workshops where relevant Guatemalan actors discussed how obesity science and related policies become translated into daily life. Past research demonstrated that the collision of various logics of obesity resulted in situations where health interventions had outcomes not anticipated by educators. Building upon examples of 'translation transformations' from the research, these workshops provided an opportunity for participants to explore the social live