OSHAN FERNANDO, then a student at the University of California, Santa Barbara, California, was awarded a grant in October 2006 to aid research on 'The Effects of Evangelical Christianity on State Formation in Sri Lanka,' supervised by Dr. Mary Elizabeth Hancock. Funding supported twelve months of research in Sri Lanka with the objective of studying the effect of evangelical Christianity on the formation of the developmentalist, post-colonial state.
OLGA FEDORENKO, then a student at University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, was awarded funding in November 2008 to aid research on 'Ethico-Politics of Advertising: Analyzing Discourses and Practices of Ethical Advertising in Neoliberalized South Korea,' supervised by Dr. Andre Schmid. This project started as an exploration of advertising ethics as it is articulated and implemented by government and non-government review organizations in contemporary South Korea.
DR. JUDITH B. FARQUHAR, then at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC; and DR. QICHENG ZHANG, Beijing University, Beijing, China, were awarded an International Collaborative Research Grant in July 2002, to aid collaborative research on 'Practices of Cultivating Life: Yangsheng and Everyday Life in Beijing.' Yangsheng, or nurturing life, is a rubric that in China today incorporates medical selfcare, nutrition, exercise, daily habits, hobbies, and healthful dispositions.
ELSA LAI FAN, then a student at University of California, Irvine, California, was awarded a grant in October 2010 to aid research on 'Opportunistic Infections: The Governance of HIV/AIDS in China,' supervised by Dr. Tom Boellstorff. This research explores how HIV/AIDS interventions are increasingly determined by market logics rather than public health models. Underscored by the principles of the free market, competition and value, the response to the epidemic in China has shifted away from prevention and treatment, and towards market-oriented approaches that commodify HIV testing.
Preliminary abstract: In recent years, the incidence of HIV infections has risen among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China, highlighting concerns of a more generalized epidemic. In response, the public health community has turned towards the scaling-up of HIV testing in this population as a means of reducing new infections. These interventions are increasingly tied to market-oriented approaches that focus on creating markets and cultivating consumers for HIV testing among MSM.
LAURIE M. DUTHIE, then a student at the University of California, Los Angeles, California, was awarded a grant in January 2005 to aid research on 'White Collar China: Professionalism and the Making of the New Middle-Class in Shanghai,' supervised by Dr. Yunxiang Yan. This project sought to understand the meaning of professionalism for white collar executives employed by foreign-invested corporations in Shanghai, China.
Preliminary abstract: The intensification of the 'agrarian transition' threatens forests and traditional livelihoods in the rural Philippines. In particular, indigenous residents on the frontier island of Palawan contend with rapidly changing livelihoods arising from unequal commodity relations with migrants in an expanding market economy (Eder and Fernandez, 1996; Cramb and Culasero, 2003; Rigg, 2006).
SEAN M. DOWDY, then a student at University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, was granted funding in April 2013 to aid research on 'Goroka: The Shared Account in Assam's Kingdom of Magic,' supervised by Dr. John D. Kelly. Challenging the dominant view of Northeast India as a landscape of intransigent inter-ethnic conflict, this research documents and analyzes how, why, and through what means agents in a multi-ethnic society seek to economically mitigate, yet cosmologically preserve, the ontological multiplicity that defines their world.
AIMEE C. DOUGLAS, then a graduate student at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, was awarded a grant in April 2013 to aid research on 'Craft, Creativity, and Managing the 'Excesses of Modernity' in Sri Lanka,' supervised by Dr. Viranjini Munasinghe.
Preliminary abstract: Diverse forms of community-based conservation (CBC) projects have proliferated over the past three decades, effectively reorganizing land and resource access in thousands of rural communities worldwide. Researchers have identified questions of how and to what effect CBCs intersect with identity politics surrounding territorial claims and land rights as central. Yet relevant research results are mixed and inconclusive.