No. You can apply regardless of departmental affiliation. However, funding decisions are made on the basis of the potential of the project to make a significant contribution to the field of theoretical anthropology. You must clearly demonstrate this potential in your application and also show a good knowledge of the relevant anthropological literature. It is not sufficient to merely use anthropological techniques (e.g. participant observation) to carry out research in your own disciplinary area or to carry out research in a non-western setting.
Requests for translation, photography and filmmaking (not related to an academic research project), publication assistance, and support for institutions or non-governmental (NGO) projects lie outside of the Foundation's remit and are not considered for funding.
Please also note the following:
Dissertation Fieldwork Grants for up to $20,000 are awarded to individuals enrolled in a doctoral program to support dissertation research. Applicants must be engaged in research that contributes to anthropological knowledge. Applicants of any nationality or country of residence may apply.
Dissertation Fieldwork Grants are awarded to aid doctoral or thesis research. The program contributes to the Foundation's overall mission to support basic research in anthropology and to ensure that the discipline continues to be a source of vibrant and significant work that furthers our understanding of humanity's cultural and biological origins, development, and variation. The Foundation supports research that demonstrates a clear link to anthropological theory and debates, and promises to make a solid contribution to advancing these ideas.