To support the development of a doctoral program in anthropology at University of the Philippines, Quezon City, Philippines - Institutional Development Grant
The potential to develop an archaeological science based Ph.D program is both a challenge and a dream of the faculty in the Archaeological Studies Program (ASP) of the University of the Philippines. It requires investing in both human and physical resources which is difficult when funding possibilities are so scarce. The ASP faculty developed a program that will expand their laboratories and train Ph.D students with the necessary skills and research capabilities to make use of them. Over five years the program will secure the equipment and train the students in collaboration with expert colleagues and partner institutions such as the Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France as well as scholars from other institutions that can advise on specific techniques and laboratory research. The proposed research facilities will include a Human Osteology lab, a Palaeo-botany and Sediment Sciences lab, a lithics lab, a Zooarchaeology lab and finally a ceramics lab. At the end of the five years of the Institutional Development Grant ASP will have five functional laboratories, manned by capable personnel with PhDs, that will then be used to train successive generations of students working in the Southeast Asian Region.
Knight, Dr. Vernon James, U. Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL - To aid preparation of the personal research materials of Dr. C. Earle Smith for archival deposit with the National Anthropological Archives, Suitland, Maryland
Adair, Dr. Mary, U. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS - To aid preparation of the research materials of Dr. Robert Squier for archival deposit with the Biodiversity Institute at the U. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS - Historical Archives Program
Maranda, Dr. Pierre, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada - To aid preparation of the unpublished research materials of Dr. Elli Kongas Maranda for archival deposit with the Musee de la Civilisation, Quebec, Canada
Bird, Dr. Elizabeth, U. of South Florida, Tampa, FL - To aid conference of SfAA on 'Global Insecurities, Global Solutions, and Applied Anthropology,' 2007, Tampa
'Collaborative Solutions to Global Insecurities: Challenges, Opportunities, and Potential'
March 27 - April 1, 2007, Downtown Hyatt Hotel, Tampa, Florida
Organizer: Dr. Elizabeth Bird (University of South Florida)
The grant supported a special session at the meetings of the Society for Applied Anthropology. The panel focused on three ongoing international partnerships between research teams at the University of South Florida and collaborators in three countries - Honduras, Lesotho, and Ecuador. Each collaboration involves work on a pressing global issue - land use and cultural heritage; HIV/AIDS intervention; and the social impact of natural disasters. The session focused not on results but on the process of effectively building such partnerships, with participants sharing ideas and strategies with audience members. As well as the lessons learned from the discussion at the event, all three teams agreed that the session acted as a catalyst to park ideas, and has had a significant role in taking all three to another level of effective collaboration, with several major grant proposals resulting.
Panter-Brick, Dr. Catherine, U. of Durham, Durham, United Kingdom - To aid conference on 'Health, Risk, and Adversity: A New Synthesis from Biological Anthropology,' 2006, U. of Durham, in collaboration with Dr. Agustin Fuentes
'Health, Risk, and Adversity: a New Synthesis from Biological Anthropology.' April 7-10, 2006, Durham, United Kingdom. Organizers: Catherine Panter-Brick (University of Durham) and Agustin Fuentes (University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana). Research on health involves evaluating the production of disparities that are systematically associated with the experience of risk, including genetic and physiological variation, environmental exposure to poor nutrition and disease, and social marginalization. Anthropology and Public Health research often converge in focusing attention on the important issue of who suffers from poor health outcomes, but both disciplines are still developing approaches to examining this question in conjunction with issues as to why and how health differentials are produced over the lifetime of given individuals. This conference aimed to enhance understanding of both outcomes and processes shaping relationships between health, risk and adversity -- to facilitate linkages between multiple levels of inquiry, into who or what drives the production of health disparities as well as into how, when and why differential health outcomes are produced. The conference, held at the University of Durham, focused on discourse related to pathways of risk and adversity conducive to variation in human health, and was attended by researchers from North America, Mexico, and England. Participants sought to reflect systematically on the theoretical and practical contributions of biological anthropology to these issues.
DeWitte, Dr. Sharon Nell, U. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC - To aid research on 'The Black Death: Analysis of the Mortality Patterns and Causative Agent of a Medieval Emerging Disease'
DR. SHARON N. DeWITTE, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, was awarded funding in October 2010 to aid research on 'The Black Death: Analysis of the Mortality Patterns and Causative Agent of a Medieval Emerging Disease.' The Black Death (c. 1347-1351) was one of most devastating epidemics in history, and it and subsequent outbreaks of medieval plague caused dramatic demographic, social, and economic changes throughout Europe. Using paleodemographic and paleogenomic approaches and skeletal samples from medieval London cemeteries, this project examines the causative agent of medieval plague and how the mortality patterns of plague changed over time. Samples for this study are drawn from medieval cemeteries from London, two of which contain victims of the Black Death (c. 1347-1351) and the second outbreak of plague in 1361. The results include the first complete draft genome of 14th-century Yersinia pestis, which confirms that the same bacterium responsible for modern bubonic plague has been affecting human populations for nearly 700 years and also indicates that the ancient strain was surprisingly similar to and the ancestor of modern strains of the disease. Paleodemographic analyses have revealed that females faced higher risks of mortality than males during the 1361 plague, perhaps because of the disproportionately negative effects of 14th-century famines on female health. Additional ancient analyses of the genetic variation present in ancient plague and of temporal changes in the levels and age patterns of plague mortality are currently underway.
DeWitte, Sharon N. 2012. Sex Differences in Periodontal Disease in Catastrophic and Attritonal Assemblages from Mediavel London. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 149(3):405-416.
DeWitte, Sharon N. 2014. Health in Post-Black Death London (1350-1538): Age Patterns of Periosteal New Bone Formation in a Post-Epidemic Population. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 155(2):260-267.
Reuter, Dr. Thomas A., Monash U., Clayton, Victoria, Australia - To aid WCAA conference on 'Opportunities and Challenges: Toward an Agenda for World Anthropology,' 2009, Kunming, China, in collaboration with Dr. Gustavo Ribeiro
'Opportunities and Challenges for International Cooperation and Participation in Anthropology: Toward an Agenda for World Anthropology'
July 27-31, 2009, Kunming, China
Organizers: Thomas A. Reuter (Monash University) and Gustavo Ribeiro (Universidade de Brasilia)
This symposium was an open forum at which cooperative efforts to facilitate international communication and collaboration among anthropologists and anthropological associations were discussed. Representatives of all WCAA member associations present at the 2009 IUAES World Congress (July 27-31, Kunming, China) were invited to contribute to the
meeting, together with key representatives of the IUAES. The discussion focused on the different roles of the WCAA, IUAES, regional and national associations, asking what each can accomplish and how they can support one another’s endeavors. Individual presentations focused on specific tasks within the overall goal of advancing cooperation and participation within the discipline globally. The discussion explored how such important tasks may be accomplished through existing institutional resources and collaborations. Each representative at the meeting was asked to report back to their governing board and membership on the forum’s ideas and proposals for collaboration. A joint publication of the
presentations is in progress.