Int'l Union of Anthropological & Ethnological Sciences
October 4, 2002
Intl. Union of Anthropological & Ethnological Sciences, Florence, Italy (through Executive Secretary, IUAES) - To aid 15th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, 2003, Florence
To support the development of a doctoral program in anthropology at Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - Institutional Development Grant
The Department of Social Anthropology at Addis Ababa University launched a Ph.D program in 2010 on its own. In collaboration with anthropology departments in Europe, US, and Japan, the Department now intends to improve the theoretical and methodological training of Ph.D. students. The IDG grant will be used to intensify international exposure and exchange; improve the quality of anthropological training by bringing in experienced guest lectuerers and disseration co-advisors and examiners; upgrade the current curriculum in consultation with partner institutions; provide modest support for student field research; and build up the library and electronic resources. Ethiopia has a great need for highly trained anthropologists in academic and non-academic positions and the IDG will help the Department to train future generations to fill these positions. It will also help promote anthropology as an academic discipline in Ethiopia, where it is little known. By training local anthropologists who will do their fieldwork in their own country, we also wish to achieve a greater transparency in the dissemination of results among the researched communities and thus achieve a greater engagement.
Mencher, Dr. Joan, New York, NY - To aid preparation of personal research materials for archival deposit with the National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC - Historical Archives Program
Blumenthal, Scott Adam, City U. of New York, Graduate Center, New York, NY - To aid research on Reconstructing Woody Cover and Habitat Heterogeneity in Modern and Ancient East African Environments with Stable Isotopes,' supervised by Dr. Thomas W. Plummer
SCOTT A. BLUMENTHAL, then a student at City University of New York Graduate Center, New York, New York, was awarded a grant in April 2013 to aid research on 'Reconstructing Woody Cover and Habitat Heterogeneity in Modern and Ancient East African Environments with Stable Isotopes,' supervised by Dr. Thomas Plummer. Environmental dynamics are thought to have driven numerous fundamental human evolutionary innovations during the Pleistocene (~2.5-1 million years ago). Paleoenvironmental records from northern Kenya and northern Ethiopia suggest that hominin experienced increasingly open, heterogeneous environmental conditions in East Africa. Unfortunately, our understanding of regional variability in environmental change is severely biased by interpretations from a small sample of sites, and there are few empirical records to assess heterogeneity in the fossil record. The first aim of this study was to understand vegetation variation across a wide range of modern environments using stable carbon isotopes in soils from national parks and reserves in Uganda. This provides a template for reconstructing vegetation heterogeneity in the fossil record. The second aim of this study was to reconstruct Pleistocene environments to understand the record of human evolution on the Homa Peninsula, southwestern Kenya. It appears that paleoenvironments in this region were characterized by an abundance of grass during periods of fossil mammal preservation, which indicates that unlike other regions there is no evidence for a directional shift toward more open habitats. These results suggest that environmental hypotheses of human evolution must account for regional variability in environmental change across East Africa.
Doretti, Mercedes, Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team, Brooklyn, NY - To aid Third Annual Meeting of Latin American Association of Forensic Anthropologists (ALAF), 2005, Bogota, Colombia
In September 2005, ALAF held its third conference in Bogota, Colombia, organized by the newly formed non- governmental Colombian forensic anthropology team, EQUITAS. More than 170 forensic scientists, academics, anthropology and archaeology students, social psychologists accompanying forensic work, local human rights activists, Colombian prosecutors and lawyers, representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and representatives of the European Association of Forensic Anthropology (FASE) attended the five-day conference at National Museum in downtown Bogota. Fifty-eight papers and two posters were presented. Dr. Douglas Ubelaker from the Smithsonian Institute, USA gave a daylong workshop, 'Updating Forensic Anthropology Standards.' The papers presented at the meeting focused on six main topics: 1.) National and case examples showing the use of forensic sciences in the documentation of human rights violations and violations of humanitarian law; 2.) The relationship between government and non-governmental forensic teams and experts, and the different country origins of forensic anthropology; 3.) Initial research testing the application to national and/or regional context of standards and protocols for ,; forensic work based on population and contexts outside the region; 4.) The need for accreditation in Latin America for forensic anthropologists and archaeologists; 5.) The need to expand training and higher educational opportunities for Latin American forensic anthropologists, to enlarge inter-institutional agreements; and 6.) The development of an annual journal and other ALAF publications, summarizing regional work.
Scelza, Dr. Brooke Anne, U. of California, Los Angeles, CA - To aid research on 'Female Social Support in Productive and Reproductive Domains'
DR. BROOKE A. SCELZA, University of California, Los Angeles, California, was awarded a grant in April 2011 to aid research on 'Female Social Support in Productive Reproductive Domains.' Women around the world strive to balance the dual demands of production and reproduction. Often, they rely on one another for support in these endeavors. Previous research has shown that support networks are critical to the health and well-being of women and their children. However, many previous studies relied on general self-reported measures of support and made broad correlations between support and health outcomes. The goal of this research was to offer an anthropological complement to existing research by providing a thorough understanding of why supportive relationships arise and thrive between particular individuals, how support networks change across the lifespan, and what the behavioral pathways are that lead to improvements in maternal and child health. These relationships were studied among the Himba, a highly traditional group of Namibian pastoralists. Life history interviews and health measurements were collected on more than 200 individuals. The data show that women have complex support relationships, which change according to age and marital status. The number and sex of their children, how many co-wives they have, and whether they are currently married all affect how much help women receive and their nutritional status. Children were also found to be integral parts of the support network.