Lopez, Dr. Sergio, State U. of New York, Potsdam, NY - To aid '2nd AIBR International Conference of Anthropology,' 2016, Barcelona, Spain, in collaboration with Dr. Manuel Delgado Ruiz
Preliminary abstract: Building on the success of its first edition, the 2nd AIBR International Conference of Anthropology brings anthropologists from many different parts of the world under the theme 'Identity: Bridges, Thresholds, and Barriers.' Since the beginnings of our discipline, we have reflected upon the categories, the continuities and discontinuities of being human. Therefore, to what extent are we 'inventing' identity? If we have traditionally drawn a line between identity and alterity, have these essential concepts not served to be the discipline's very barriers? At one level, thinking about who we are requires to discriminate, to define and to separate. At another level it requires to incorporate, to relate, to entangle. These are the vectors by which the idea of identity is 'good to think' and to be thought about, to discuss, and to provoke the anthropological debate that we will engage in at this conference. In the 2nd AIBR International Conference of Anthropology we build on the experience of our first edition, which was held in the city of Madrid (Spain), in July 2015. It hosted a total of 832 delegates who participated in 140 panels. The high turnout in Madrid and the positive feedback that we received from the conference participants shows that there is a need to convene an annual meeting within the context of Ibero-American anthropology (Spain, Portugal, and Latin America). The second edition of this conference will be jointly organized by AIBR (Network of Iberoamerican Anthropologists) and GRECS (Research Group on Control and Social Exclusion, University of Barcelona) during 6-7 September 2015 in the beautiful city of Barcelona (Spain). The theme for this year 'Identity: Bridges, Thresholds, and Barriers' welcomes a large number of proposals and anthropologists from all sub-fields of the discipline. The conference aims to create a space that combines traditional forms of dissemination of knowledge--papers, posters, keynote addresses--with a wide variety of formats to inspire discussion and debate--round tables, documentary films, and book presentations.
Price, Dr. David H., St. Martin's U., Lacey, WA - To aid preparation of the personal research materials of Dr. Marvin Harris for archival deposit with the National Anthropological Archives, Suitland, MD - Historical Archives Program
To support the development of a doctoral program in anthropology at Universite d'Etat d' Haiti, Port-Au-Prince, Haiti - Institutional Development Grant
Preliminary abstract: Through primary partnerships with the University of Kansas (KU) and Teachers College, Columbia University (TC), the State University of Haiti (UEH) will implement an ethos of productivity to establish a fully functioning doctoral program that will facilitate student and faculty training as well as research. This will be accomplished by a) increasing the number of Ph.D. holding professors among the anthropology faculty at UEH, b) providing continuing education for existing faculty members through short-courses in all four sub-disciplines and time abroad at partner institutions, c) consulting on organization of the graduate curriculum, d) preparing students and faculty for engagement in global academic dialogues through workshops and seminars given by international partners, e) facilitating and publicizing research that is relevant to government and non-governmental entities and the general Haitian population, and f) contributing to the development of Kreyòl as a scholarly language of communication in Haiti. With IDG funding, we envision building a doctoral program in anthropology in which UEH professors and partners provide Haitian students with internationally recognized doctoral training which can be beneficial for finding employment with academic, governmental, or non-governmental entities, and facilitate networks of research and support through foreign faculty. Bolstering the institution's existing strength in cultural anthropology with expertise in the other sub-disciplines, the initiative seeks to build capacity of students and faculty that leads to the production of anthropological research in Haiti by Haitian scholars and students.
Hall, Jennifer Lee, U. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI - To aid research on 'Building Bridges: Language Ideology and Passerelle Literacy Education in Morocco,' supervised by Dr. Judith T. Irvine
JENNIFER L. HALL, then a student at University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, received funding in October 2007 to aid research on 'Building Bridges: Language Ideology and Passerelle Literacy Education in Morocco,' supervised by Dr. Judith T. Irvine. This dissertation research looks at mother tongue adult literacy education in Morocco through a case study of a new methodology called 'passerelle.' The grantee tested the hypothesis that passerelle -- by promoting Standard Arabic script as an ideologically neutral instrument for representing mother tongue languages -- presents an ideological conflict for learners and educators who may hold differing ideas as to the appropriateness of portraying traditionally oral languages in written form using Arabic script. Twelve months of comparative research was conducted on the ideologies of learners and educators in passerelle classrooms, in both urban and rural settings. The grantee observed that passerelle literacy educators tended to avoid utilizing mother tongue literacy activities in the classroom and instead relied on normative methods of Standard Arabic literacy teaching. They restricted the use of mother tongues languages in the classroom to oral activities and the use of Standard Arabic to writing activities, thus indicating that passerelle methodology did indeed present an ideological conflict. In contrast, most adult literacy learners did not express a similar ideological conflict and embraced opportunities to write in dialectical Arabic. This is partially due to the fact that many did not hold any preconceived notions about distinctions between oral and written Arabic.
Kattan, Shlomy, U. of California, Berkeley, CA - To aid 'Language Socialization and Language Ideologies among Israeli Emissaries: A Global Ethnography of Transnationalism,' supervised by Dr. Sahara Patricia Baquedano-Lopez
SHLOMY KATTAN, then a student at University of California, Berkeley, California, received funding in April 2006 to aid research on 'Language Socialization and Language ideologies among Israeli Emissaries: A Global Ethnography of Transnationalism,' supervised by Dr. Sahara Patricia Baquedano-Lopez. This multi-sited ethnography examines language socialization, linguistic ideologies, and identity practices amongst families of Israeli emissaries and their young children, following their transition from Israel, through their residence in New York, and until their return to Israel after two years. During the first funded year of research, observations, interviews, and audio and video recording have been carried out in both countries at home and in school. In-home observations capture the methods used to socialize children to being bilingual, record family conversations about Israel and New York, and document changes in participants' language use. In-school observations document changes ininteractional practices between the focal children, their teachers, and peers. Observations document how focal children enter into and form social groups, how they negotiate their position as language learners and as non-locals, and how they utilize their changing linguistic skills. The data provide empirical support that the transition and socialization of the children are negotiated across sites, and illustrate how such negotiations take place across the sites. Socialization practices are not positivistic or objective, but rather derive rom participants' changing ideologies vis-à-vis children's abilities in English and Hebrew, as well as their perceptions of the children's fluctuating needs in those languages.