Hein, Emily Carter, U. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI - To aid research on 'Out of the Archive: Coptic Language Ideologies in Berlin, Germany,' supervised by Dr. Judith T. Irvine
EMILY JANE HEIN, then a student at University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, received funding in November 2005 to aid research on 'Out of the Archive: Coptic Language Ideologies in Berlin, Germany,' supervised by Dr. Judith T. Irvine. This project examined the role of the sacred language of Coptic in creating an imagined community for Copts in Berlin, Germany. It explored ideas about Coptic and its relationship to social phenomena (known as language ideologies) as they emerge in textual practices between the Coptic Orthodox Christian community and the academic Coptology community in Germany. Using the techniques of participant observation, interviews, and recording spontaneous conversation, the grantee focused on the three sites where these communities are becoming interconnected: the church, the university, and the monastery. Research findings indicate that it is the act of speaking in structured ways -- independent of particular codes such as Coptic -- that is a defining element of imagined community for Copts in the diaspora. This focus on the pragmatics of language may undermine projects of Coptic language maintenance or revival, but facilitates the creation of the Christian ecumene as a larger religious diaspora in which Copts claim membership. The research findings confirm the importance of focusing on the role of religion, and particularly religious language, in creating new transnational communities.
Keeling, Simon R., U. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI - To aid research on 'The Poetry and Music of Conflict: Exploring Bamileke Funeral Performance,' supervised by Dr. Judith T. Irvine
SIMON R. KEELING, then a student at University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, received funding in May 2005 to aid research on 'The Poetry and Music of Conflict: Exploring Bamileke Funeral Perform-ance,' supervised by Dr. Judith T. Irvine. This research explored the meanings of music, poetry, and place among Bamiléké members of music and finance associations in Bangangté, Cameroon. The grantee attended the weekly meetings and rehearsals of some such groups, and arranged private music and language lessons. Attending and performing at mourning rites are among the most important func-tions of the groups. Music was recorded at rehearsals, lessons, and performances. Most song texts con-cerned: 1) responsibility to kin; 2) death, ritual, and the afterlife; or 3) the connections between ritual, kin-groups, and villages. The third theme includes traditions of naming which include both 'given' names and predictable names based on these connections. Decisions about which name to use when seem to be a significant poetic resource. Consultants' talk about villages and values demonstrated that the near-sacred spaces of village farms are crucial to how they understand power, beauty, and ethics. Working with micro-financial institutions showed that Bangangté is a place where the emotional intensity of poverty and gen-erosity is entangled with that of ritual and place. Making music together is neither tangential nor superfi-cial to such complexities; it develops, contains, deepens, permits and celebrates intimacy and affective in-tensity. All of this was going on in a context also shaped by a discourse of 'modernity' which cast 'village' practices in a negative light. Therefore, the Bamiléké of Bangangte are engaged in struggles for prestige which run through music and daily life.
McComsey, Melanie, U. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA - To aid research on 'Bilingual Spaces: Socialization to Spatialized Practice in Spanish and Juchitán Zapotec,' supervised by Dr. John B. Haviland
MELANIE McCOMSEY, then a student at University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, was awarded funding in April 2011 to aid research on 'Bilingual Spaces: Socialization to Spatialized Practice in Spanish and Juchitán Zapotec,' supervised by Dr. John B. Haviland. This project offers a fresh perspective on the classic problem of linguistic relativity associated with Humboldt, Sapir, and Whorf. It draws on ethnographic and semi-experimental linguistic data collected over two years of fieldwork with bilingual speakers of Spanish and Juchitan Zapotec, an Otomanguean language spoken in Juchitan, Oaxaca, Mexico. Because the languages differ in their spatial grammar, and because the speakers differ in their bilingual proficiency in the two languages, the researcher was able to investigate whether different cognitive styles are related to specific linguistic codes. Research found that some changes in spatial cognitive style are happening independently of changes in the grammars of Spanish and Zapotec. This suggests that ways of thinking about space may not be coupled to individual linguistic codes, but can vary as part of a local system of practice and communication. It was also found that embodied interactions with the rapidly modernizing built environment in Juchitan affect how children learn particular styles of spatial problem solving. This project contributes to the fields of linguistic relativity and language contact, showing how multiple worldviews are created and lived through practice within a single speech community.
Rankin, Carolyn, Lawrence, KS - To aid preparation of the personal research materials of Robert Rankin for archival deposit with the National Anthropological Archives, Suitland, MD - Historical Archives Program
Institut Catala de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolucion Social (IPHES)
February 2, 2015
Carandell Baruzzi, Miquel, Barcelona, Spain - To aid preparation of the personal research materials of Dr. Josep Gibert i Clos for archival deposit with the Institut Catrala de Paleontologia, Barcelona, Spain
Smith, John Charles, St. Catherine's College, Oxford, United Kingdom - To aid Third Oxford-Kobe Linguistics Seminar: 'The Linguistics of Endangered Languages,' 2006, St. Catherine's College, in collaboration with Dr. Peter K. Austin
'The Linguistics of Endangered Languages'
April 2-6, 2006, Kobe Institute, Kobe, Japan
Organizers: Dr. John Charles Smith and Dr. Masayoshi Shibatani (Kobe Institute), and Dr. Peter K. Austin (St. Catherine's College - Oxford)
The Third Oxford-Kobe Linguistics Seminar brought together distinguished scholars from inside and outside Japan to present their research in the dedicated academic environment and so define the 'state of the art' in their discipline. The two previous Linguistics Seminars dealt with 'Language Change and Historical Linguistics' (2002) and 'The History and Structure of Japanese' (2004). The topic of 'The Linguistics of Endangered Languages' was chosen as the focus of the seminar because to elaborate on the point (often made, but less frequently demonstrated) that the loss of endangered languages means the loss of unique and unusual linguistic features that we would otherwise have no knowledge of, and that the extinction of languages inevitably results in a poorer linguistics and a poorer language and cultural heritage for the world as a whole. In addition to invited papers, a poster session was convened to highlight the work of junior scholars and graduate students in the field.
Fry, Dr. Douglas P., Abo Akademi U., Vasa, Finland - To aid workshop on 'Aggression and Peacemaking: Archaeology, Primatology, Nomadic Forager Studies and Behavioral Ecology,' 2010, Leiden U., Netherlands, in collaboration with Dr. Johan van der Dennen
Preliminary abstract: This interdisciplinary workshop will include perspectives from archaeology, primatology, nomadic forager studies, and human behavioral ecology. Findings from each of these disciplines pertain to the study of conflict management within an evolutionary framework. There are a number of disagreements and controversies about human aggression and conflict management within and between these disciplines. The approach in this workshop is to invite scholars with different perspectives and from different disciplines to explore areas of agreement and disagreement in a collegial manner. The time is ripe to bring together scholars with different theoretical orientations for constructive discussion and debate. The use of several methods will facilitate fruitful interaction: plenary talks followed by question-answer discussions, open discussions, small group discussion break-out groups, and moderated panel discussions on specific topics. Do the bodies of knowledge from these fields converge or diverge? What major conclusions about human aggression and conflict management can be drawn, at least provisionally, from an assessment of knowledge from these different disciplines? What do we know and what do we still need to know? How do evolutionary and behavior ecological perspectives contribute to understanding human conflict management and aggression? An edited book will be the final outcome.
Fry, Douglas P. (ed.) 2013. War, Peace, and Human Nature: The Convergence of Evolutionary and Cultural Views. Oxford University Press: Oxford and New York.
Herle, Dr. Anita, U. Cambridge, Cambridge, UK - To aid preparation of personal research materials of Dr. Marilyn Strathern for archival deposit with the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Cambridge, UK - Historical Archives Program
Knight, Dr. Vernon James, U. Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL - To aid preparation of the personal research materials of Dr. C. Earle Smith for archival deposit with the National Anthropological Archives, Suitland, Maryland