Pritzker, Sonya Elizabeth, U. of California, Los Angeles, CA - To aid research on 'Language Socialization and Ideologies of Translation in U.S. Chinese Medical Education,' supervised by Dr. Elinor Ruth Ochs
SONYA PRITZKER, then a student at University of California, Los Angeles, California, was awarded a grant in May 2007 to aid research on 'Language Socialization and Ideologies of Translation in U.S. Chinese Medical Education,' supervised by Dr. Elinor Ochs. This research looks at the role of language in the process by which English-speaking students in the U.S. learn to practice Chinese medicine, including acupuncture and herbal medicine. The research further places such learning in the broader socio-political and economic context of translation in Chinese medicine. Data consists of over ten months of classroom ethnography and person-centered interviews with students and teachers at a school of Chinese medicine in southern California, as well as interviews with translators and publishers of Chinese medical educational texts in the U.S. and China. Research findings demonstrate the daily enactment of a complex transnational linguistic, medical, and socio-cultural phenomenon impacting the way Chinese medicine is learned and practiced in an American context. Major themes emerging from the data point to the strong relationship between personal experiences of the self and linguistic choices in terms of translation and representation. The goal of the research is to build a further bridge between socio-cultural, psycho-cultural, and linguistic anthropology by showing the relationship between embodied personal experience and language in the highly contested, political economy of translation in U.S. Chinese medical education.
Barham, Dr. Lawrence, U. of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK -To aid 10th CHaGS conference on 'Resilience and Vulnerability in Hunter-Gatherer Research,' 2013, U. of Liverpool, in collaboration with Dr. Thomas Widlok
'10th Meeting of the Conference of Hunting and Gathering Societies (CHaGS)'
June 25-28, 2013, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Organizers: Lawrence Barham (U. Liverpool) and Thomas Widlok (Radboud U.)
Two hundred delegates from 25 countries took part in this long-awaited revival of the CHaGS tradition of interdisciplinary gatherings. The theme of 'Resilience and Vulnerability' provided the focus for discussing the status of contemporary hunter-gatherers and the future of hunter-gatherer research. Since the last meeting in 2002, the field of applied indigenous studies has continued to expand for which hunter-gatherer case studies remain invaluable. A new generation of evolutionary anthropologists has also emerged with innovative comparative approaches based on hunter-gatherer data. These differing approaches were brought together in the plenary sessions, which began each day. Highlights included lively debate on the role of warfare and violence in human evolution and the largest gathering of researchers on Dravidian-speaking hunter-gatherers. The conference concluded with a panel of young researchers representing a spectrum of interests, discussing their hopes for the future of hunter-gatherer studies. The legacy the Liverpool meeting has been the establishment of the International Society of Hunter-Gatherer Research (ISHGR) with CHaGS 11 to be held in Vienna in 2015.
Ember, Dr. Carol R., Human Relations Area Files, Inc., New Haven, CT - To aid workshop on digital preservation of primary anthropological data, co-sponsored with the National Science Foundation, Washington, DC - Historical Archives Program
White, Dr. Frances J., U. of Oregon, Eugene, OR - To aid workshop on 'Human Warfare: An Integrative Anthropological Prospective,' 2008, U. of Oregon, in collaboration with Dr. Douglas Kennett
'Human Warfare: An Integrative Anthropological Perspective'
October 16-18, 2008, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon
Organizers: Frances J. White and Douglas Kennett, University of Oregon
This meeting addressed the need for an integrated model of the ancestral conditions that led to the emergence of warfare and/or to adaptations that evolved in response to those pressures. To this end, the conference brought together scholars from diverse anthropological sub-disciplines (e.g. primatology, paleo-anthropology, archaeology, behavioral ecology, ethnography) and related disciplines (e.g. political science, psychology, economics, evolutionary biology) whose work has significantly advanced knowledge on this topic but who would not otherwise have occasion to meet. The conference resulted in a book proposal, which has been enthusiastically received by Oxford University Press and will soon be sent out for review. This volume will constitute the first comprehensive evolutionary treatment of the ecological, social, and psychological processes involved in warfare.
Goldin, Dr. Liliana, Florida International U., Miami, FL - To aid '70th Annual Meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology,' 2010, Merida, Yucatan, Mexico
'70th Annual Meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology'
March 24-28, 2010, Merida, Mexico
Organizers: Liliana R. Goldin (Florida International University)
Support from Wenner-Gren was instrumental in funding two panels composed of eleven Latin American scholars from Guatemala and Argentina. The first panel, entitled 'Human Development, Poverty and Inequality in Guatemala,' was composed of members of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). The second panel, entitled 'Transnational
Transformations, Local Responses: Argentine Anthropology Facing Globalization,' was composed of anthropologists from CONICET (Argentinean Scientific Research Council) as well as the University of Misiones and SUNY Binghamton. Both panels highlighted the excellence in research conducted by Latin American colleagues and showcased the sophisticated ways in which anthropologists engage problem-solving in what according to some measures constitute the margins of the world economy. The conference theme invited the exploration of the effects of globalization on the peoples with whom applied social scientists work resulting in higher levels of exclusion of vulnerability. As a result of the need for increased collaboration in interdisciplinary and transnational teams, the conference encouraged the discussion on the innovative theories and methods employed to make sense out of such complicated and interrelated problems.
Jacobs, Sue-Ellen, Ohkay Owingeh, NM - To aid preparation of personal research materials for deposit with Special Collection University of Washington Libraries, Seattle, WA, and National Anthropological Archives, Suitland, MD - Historical Archives Program
Levi, Dr. Margaret, Stanford U., Stanford, CA - To aid workshop on 'Anthropological Epistemology and Cross-Cultural Metacategories,' 2015, Stanford U., in collaboration with Dr. Howard Morphy
Preliminary abstract: The aim of the workshop is to generate reflective discourse on anthropological epistemology. The workshop has both pragmatic and exploratory objectives, building on the theme of cross-cultural/cross-temporal meta-categories in the context of anthropology as interdisciplinary environment for research into human society. Historically anthropology has implicitly created meta-categories for a discourse that encompass different but synergistic ways of thinking about things and acting in the world -- art, aesthetics, gender, family, household, law, property, mind, and so on. The cross-cultural and/or cross-temporal meta-category is dialogic. It exists between different local categorizations, yet simultaneously strives to encompass difference. Recently a tension has developed anthropology between theoretical perspectives which focus on the problematization of boundaries and the dissolution of categories and those earlier perspectives which attempted to develop cross-cultural meta-categories in order to understand the diversity of human societies and the nature of regional trajectories. This workshop has the potential to influence future directions by reflecting on the terminologies employed and the perspectives that lie behind them and placing them in the context of the history of the discipline and the dialogical nature of the relationships with the subjects of their research.
Quincey, Jennifer Anne, Washington U., St. Louis, MO - To aid research on 'Welsh Language Revitalization: Normative Signals and Adult Linguistic Socialization,' supervised by Dr. John Richard Bowen
JENNIFER QUINCEY, a student at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, received funding in April 2006 to support research on 'Welsh Language Revitalization: Normative Signals and Adult Linguistic Socialization', supervised by Dr. John Bowen. A surge in interest in Welsh language education has followed the recent, dramatic reversal in the status of the Welsh language. This research centers on a contested, emergent variety of Welsh unique to Welsh for Adults (WfA) classrooms. Designed to be linguistically and ideologically 'neutral', this variety's existence has exposed and created conflicting conceptions of linguistic legitimacy at a critical juncture in the project of Welsh language revitalization. Based on participant observation in advanced WfA classes and in a WfA teacher-training course, this research focused on the ways in which adult learners construct unique definitions of legitimacy; the process by which prospective WfA teachers, a key source of normative signals that adult learners encounter, are trained to transmit this language variety; and the effects of learners' language behavior on the wider Welsh language community, ranging from the level of individual interaction to the emergence of an alternative model of citizenship and belonging in post-devolution Britain.