To support the development of a doctoral program in anthropology at Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam - Institutional Development Grant
Vietnam National University-Hanoi is widely recognized as a leading university in Vietnam. Being one of its key research and training units, our Department of Anthropology has faculty members trained both in ethnology in Vietnam and Eastern Europe, and in Western anthropology. The aim of our Department of Anthropology is to become the leading center for anthropological reesearch and training in Vietnam, and through this process, to contribute to the development of a strong academic discipline of anthropology in Vietnam. Towards that objective, we want to pioneer to create a doctoral training program in social and cultural anthropology, which also includes the creation of a research-oriented academic environment, faculty and student training, and acquiring adequate learning resources to enhance the teaching and research capactiy of the department.
Woolard, Dr. Kathryn Ann, U. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA - To aid 'A Longitudinal Study of Language Ideology, Policy, and Practices in Bilingual Barcelona'
DR. KATHRYN A. WOOLARD, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, received a grant in October 2006 to aid research on 'A Longitudinal Study of Language Ideology, Policy, and Practices in Bilingual Barcelona.' Language ideology and practice in Barcelona, Spain, were examined in comparison to research in 1979-80 and 1987. Sociolinguistic changes were assessed along three dimensions of the relation between Catalan and Castilian. First, changing linguistic practices across the life span, which were tracked through follow-up interviews of informants from 20 years earlier, revealed striking increases in use of Catalan by native Castilian speakers. Second, changes in adolescent cohorts' responses to Catalan-medium education, which were followed through a re-examination of a secondary school first studied in 1987 show the ability to use Catalan has increase, as has the claiming and ascription of Catalan identity. However, uses and perceptions of Catalan have narrowed. (While Catalan retains its high status, its youth solidarity value has diminished.) And third, changes in the public status of Catalan in relation to Castilian, as reflected in mass media and political campaigns, indicate public discourses about language policy are shifting from a foundation in an ideology of authenticity to one of anonymity that stresses universalism and cosmopolitanism. This shift responds to both increasingly strident anti-Catalan rhetoric and rapid demographic change, and it was evidenced in the campaign that resulted in the election of a non-native president of Catalonia
To support the development of a doctoral program in anthropology at Royal Thimphu College, Royal University of Bhutan, Thimphu, Bhutan - Institutional Development Grant
Preliminary abstract: There exists a critical gap in anthropological knowledge of Bhutan and the practice of anthropology in Bhutan. At present, no doctoral program exists in the country. Hence, research based on in-depth long-term ethnographic fieldwork, the hallmark of a Ph.D. in anthropology, is also lacking. This has implications for the understanding of changing dynamics of cultural, social, identity, political-economic, and environmental aspects of a nation that has only recently opened itself to the outside world. Given that there are no professional avenues for practicing anthropology in the country, such an initiative is urgent. Royal Thimphu College is the only private academic institution of its kind in Bhutan, and thus it holds a special place in terms of its ability to innovate in terms of research. In this spirit, it hopes to develop for the first time in the history of the country, a doctoral program with a long-term vision of becoming an international institute of academic and research excellence in the anthropology of Bhutan, international development, socially engaged Buddhism and Gross National Happiness (GNH). It will do so through several key activities over a five-year period, centred on knowledge, networking, capacity strengthening, approval/accreditation and piloting, and in formal collaboration with renowned anthropologists specializing in the region from the Department of Anthropology at the University of California Los Angeles (Dr. Akhil Gupta, Dr. Nancy Levine, Dr. Sherry Ortner), and through informal collaborations with professional anthropologists in the United States, Bhutan and beyond.
Chand, Vineeta, U. of California, Davis, CA - To aid research on 'Indian English Ownership, Status and Variation,' supervised by Dr. Janet Shibamoto Smith
VINEETA CHAND, then a student at University of California, Davis, California, received funding in October 2007 to aid research on 'Indian English Ownership, Status and Variation,' supervised by Dr. Janet Shibamoto Smith. This research addressed the Indian English (IE) socio-cultural linguistic setting, examining the relationship between structural variation, identity, attitudes and personal history for New Delhi English bilinguals. Informed by the fields of sociolinguistics, anthropology, and South Asian studies, the research uses quantitative and qualitative analytic linguistic methodologies, in conjunction with close ethnographic observation, to address socio-cultural questions. Modern alternative multilingual settings raise important theoretical questions about applying variationist methods in new contexts, and interrelationships between language change, shifts in linguistic ideologies, and sociolinguistic identity. Drawing on 50-plus hours of informal conversations and ethnographic fieldwork, significant links were uncovered between linguistic practices, ideologies, and evolving historical backdrops, wherein gender, age, ethno-linguistic background, and domestic mobility are each foundational elements of individual urban identity, and collectively are significant for understanding systematic IE language practices. These findings challenge the assumption that oft-considered 'basic' social factors, widely used in variationist studies, are adequate to account for alternative, third-world settings, underscoring the importance of ethnographic and qualitative data for interpreting language practices. This project also examined processes and results of globalization and localization, demonstrating that IE's development as a distinct English dialect is intertwined with the emergence of a locally valuable, urban Indian identity.
Green, Elizabeth Mara, U. of California, Berkeley, CA - To aid research on 'Everyday Signs: Deaf Sociality and Communicative Practices in Rural Nepal,' supervised by Dr. William F. Hanks
ELIZABETH MARA GREEN, then a student at the University of California, Berkeley, California, was awarded funding in May 2009, to aid research on 'Everyday Signs: Deaf Sociality and Communicative Practices in Rural Nepal,' supervised by Dr. William F. Hanks. An estimated 5,000-15,000 deaf people in Nepal are Nepali Sign Language (NSL) users and participants in an urban-centered, national deaf community. In contrast, the majority of deaf Nepalis -- some 190,000 according to one frequently quoted figure -- never learn, or even encounter, NSL. Without access to a shared language, these deaf people, along with their hearing interlocutors, develop localized gestural systems to communicate. The researcher conducted ethnographic fieldwork in Kathmandu, the capital, and Maunabudhuk, a village in the east, with local signers. The findings suggest that local sign is both like and unlike communication that occurs when using a standard language; while both rely on conventions, the former has a much smaller and less stable repertoire, such that it is characterized not only by successes but also by frequent misunderstandings and a very tightly-bound relationship to social and interactional context. The dissertation will explore more fully how deaf local signers and their hearing family members, neighbors, and friends draw on shared personal experiences, tacit social knowledge, and the material landscape to produce meaningful signs and meaningful lives.
Nonaka, Dr. Angela M., U. of Texas, Austin, TX - To aid research and writing on ''It Takes a Village': Anthropological Analysis of Indigenous Sign Language Development and Decline in Thailand' - Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship
DR. ANGELA M. NONAKA, University of Texas, Austin, Texas, was awarded a Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship to aid research and writing on ''It Takes a Village:' Anthropological Analysis of Indigenous Sign Language Development and Decline in Thailand.' It Takes a Village is a 311-page manuscript that traces the life cycle of Ban Khor Sign Language. BKSL arose some 80 years ago in response to an unusually high incidence of hereditary deafness, and until recently was widely used in daily life by both hearing and deaf villagers, fostering participation and inclusion of the latter. This rare sociolinguistic ecology is undergoing dramatic changes, however, that threaten the continued vitality of BKSL, which is being supplanted by Thai Sign Language. Synthesizing more than a decade of continuous, holistic anthropological research, this study examines the causes and consequences of language emergence, maintenance, and shift. Ethnographically compelling on their own merits, the descriptive particulars of the Ban Khor case study have applied import for understanding the widespread endangerment of this rare sign language variety. This project also breaks new theoretical ground. By adopting a language socialization perspective that emphasizes interactional, use-based analysis of BKSL, this study counters key assumptions in formal linguistics about 'village' or 'indigenous' sign languages (and other lesser-known signing varieties), by demonstrating their full linguistic complexity and utility in situ, in the course of quotidian talk and interaction.
Engelbrecht, Dr. Beate, Institute for Scientific Research, Goettingen, Germany - To aid conference on origins of visual anthropology: putting the past together, 2000, IWF- Institute for Scientific Film, in collaboration with Dr. Rolf Husmann
Ives Goddard, Dr. R.H., Washington, DC - To aid preparation of the Papers of William C. Sturtevant for archival deposit with the National Anthropological Archives, Suitland, MD - Historical Archives Program