White, Dr. Bob W., U. of Montreal, Montreal, Canada; and Mudaba, Dr. Yoka Lye, Kinshasha, D.R. Congo - To aid collaboration on ethnographies of listening: audience-based approaches to the study of urban culture in Africa
Ward, Dr. Carol, U. of Missouri, Columbia, MO; and Manthi, Dr. Fredrick, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya - To aid collaborative research on 'The Emergence of Australopithecus: Renewed Field Investigations at Kanapoi, Kenya'
Preliminary abstract: We propose renewed fieldwork at the earliest Australopithecus site of Kanapoi, Kenya. Until recently, our understanding of Australopithecus origins was based on A. afarensis. However, the dramatically different morphology of earlier hominins, and differences between A. anamensis and A. afarensis, suggests that not all of the adaptations seen in A. afarensis evolved together at the origins of the genus.
Wastell, Dr. Sari, U. of London, London, UK; and Starman, Dr. Hannah, Institute of Ethnic Studies, Ljubljana, Slovenia - To aid collaborative research on 'The Codification of Trauma in Humanitarian Law'
Varela-Silva Dr. Maria, Loughborough U. Loughborough Leicestershire, UK; and Dickinson-Bannack, Dr. Federico, U. Merida, Mexico - To aid collaborative research on 'Nutritional Status and Health Outcomes in a Dual-Burden Population of Maya in Yucatan'.
DR. MARIA VARELA-SILVA, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, United Kingdom, and DR. FEDERICO DISKINSON-BANNACK, University of Merida, Merida, Mexico, were awarded an International Collaborative Research Grant in October 2009, to aid collaborative research on 'Nutritional Status and Health Outcomes in a Dual-Burden Population of Maya in Yucatan.' Developing countries are currently facing a dual burden of chronic malnutrition (stunting) and overweight/obesity.
U. of New Mexico, Emery Thompson, Dr. Melissa, UNM, Albuquerque, NM, and Otali, Dr. Emily, Makerere U., Makerere U. Bio. Field Station, Uganda - To aid collaborative research on 'The Development of Aggressive Behavior In Wild Chimpanzees'
Preliminary abstract: Chimpanzee males are well known for their aggressive behaviors and in all study communities, males are consistently more aggressive than females. Differences also exist between individuals within each sex in this species but there is little known about what shapes these differences. This project will examine the extent to which sex and individual differences in aggressive behaviors in wild chimpanzees are the result of early life experiences or innate predispositions.
Tuross, Dr. Noreen, Harvard U., Cambridge, MA; and Robles Garcia, Dr. Nelly, Instituto Nacional de Anthropologia a Historia, Oaxaca, Mexico- To aid collaborative research on 'The Rock Art between Yagul and Mitla'
Preliminary abstract: Between the monument sites of Mitla and Yagul in Oaxaca some the earliest evidence for human existence in the Americas is preserved. This rugged, elevated terrain has been in use by humans throughout the Holocene for a variety of purposes: habitational, subsistence, economic and artistic. The area is currently nominated by Mexico as a World Heritage Area. This project will provide a focused, detailed technical analysis of the rock art pictographs and petroglyphs in the Valley Oaxaca between the monument sites of Yagul and Mitla.
Torrence, Dr. Robin, Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia; and Kluyev, Dr. Nikolay A., Russian Academy of Science, Vladivostok, Russia - To aid collaborative research on ''Pleistocene Origins of Long Distance Obsidian Exchange in Far Eastern Russia
Thompson, Dr. Eric C., National U. of Singapore, Singapore; and Chulanee, Dr. Thianthai, Chulalongkorn U., Bangkok, Thailand - To aid collaborative research on 'Thai and Indonesian Migrant Cultures in Bangkok, Jakarta and Singapore'
Taylor, Dr. Tonya, Columbia U., New York, NY; & Chibanda, Dr. Dickson, U. of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe - To aid collaborative research on 'Cultural Conceptions of Depression Among Traditional Healers and People Living with HIV/AIDS in Harare, Zimbabwe'
Preliminary abstract: Zimbabwe has one of the most severe AIDS epidemics in the world, with an estimated 1 out of 7 people living with HIV. Since the late 1990s, the country's epidemic has been exacerbated by an acute politic-economic crisis that has also heightened levels of depression.
Smith, Dr. Adam T., U. of Chicago, Chicago, IL; and Dr. Ruben S.Badalyan, Armenian Academy of Sciences, Yerevan, Rep. of Armenia - To aid collaboration on political institutions and social complexity in Late Bronze Age Caucasia