Ntarangwi, Dr. Mwenda, Augustana College, Rock Island, IL - To aid research and writing on 'Reversed Gaze: An African Encounters America Through Anthropology' - Richard Carley Hunt Fellowship
DR. MWENDA NTARANGQUI, Augustana College, Rock Island, Illinois, received a Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship in October 2006 to aid research and writing on 'Reversed Gaze: An African Encounters America through Anthropology.' This project fits within an emerging response to a reflexive crisis in Western anthropology that has led to ethnographies revealing the subjectivity, struggles, and faults of the fieldwork process. The project also follows the growing number of Western anthropologists doing research at home and in 'non-exotic' locations. The problem with this turn in ethnography, however, is that it is mostly Western anthropologists themselves making these 'revelations' of the ethnographic process through memoirs, and only the information they wish to reveal becomes available through books, papers, and public presentations. There still remains the 'hidden' side of anthropology and anthropologists, one that never gets into the texts and academic papers. The project's focus is this 'hidden/unrevealed' side of Western anthropology. The researcher uses his own experience and immersion into American anthropology and culture, beginning with his arrival from Kenya to start graduate studies in cultural anthropology, to subsequent transformation into a professor at an American college, teaching students in both the United States and Africa. This 'African' ethnography of American anthropology critiques some of the more unquestioned positions found in the dominant tenets of reflexivity, which reduce representation to writing style, methodological assumptions, and fieldwork locations.
Berg, Dr. Ulla Dalum, Rutgers U., Piscataway, NJ - To aid research and writing on 'Mediated Migrations: Technology, Mobility, and Belonging between the Andes and the US' - Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship
DR. ULLA D. BERG, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey, received a Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship in April 2013 to aid research and writing on 'Mediated Migrations: Technology, Mobility, and Belonging between the Andes and the US.' During the fellowship period, a book manuscript titled 'Mobile Selves: Race, Migration, and Belonging in Peru and the US' was completed. The book illuminates how transnational communicative practices and forms of exchange produce new forms of kinship and social relations, as well as new forms of self-presentation and belonging for global labor migrants. It shows how migrants create new portrayals of themselves that work both to overcome the class and racial biases that they had faced in their home country, as well as to control the images they share of themselves with others back home. The book is to be published by New York University Press (forthcoming, 2015) as part of the series 'Social Transformations in American Anthropology.' Mobile Selves demonstrates the critical role that ethnography can play in transdisciplinary migration studies and exemplifies what comparative migration studies-still largely dominated by economic, sociological, and demographic approaches-stand to gain from anthropological analysis and ethnographic methodologies.
Sabea, Dr. Hanan H., U. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA - To aid research and writing on 'Present Pasts: Colonialism and the Production of History among Sisal Plantation Workers in Tanzania' - Richard Carley Hunt Fellowship
El Zaatari, Dr. Sireen, American School of Classical Studies, Athen, Greece - To aid research and writing on 'Them and Us: Behavioral Differences Between Neandertals and Early Modern Humans'- Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship
DR. SIREEN EL ZAATARI, American School of Classical Studies, Athens, Greece, was awarded a Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship in October 2012 to aid research and writing for a series of articles on 'Them and Us: Behavioral Differences between Neandertals and early Modern Humans.' These articles present the results of the first large-scale study of dietary habits of Paleolithic hominins from their wide temporal and geographic ranges. This study employed microwear texture analysis to examine the diets of adult and sub-adult Paleolithic individuals from numerous western Eurasian sites. The results of this study reveal two major behavioral differences between Upper Paleolithic modern humans and their predecessors in western Eurasia. First, whereas the Neandertals and their predecessors were altering their diets in response to changes in food availability resulting from the c1imatic fluctuations of the Pleistocene, the Upper Paleolithic modern humans used their culture to attain some level of freedom from such environmental constraints. Second, the results of this study reveal that whereas Neandertals were feeding their children foods similar to their adult counterparts, the Upper Paleolithic children had a uniform and special diet. These differences represent evidence of behavioral modernity that might have given modern humans an advantage over the Neandertals.
Takeyama, Prof. Akiko, U. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS - To aid research and writing on 'Affect Economy: Neoliberal Class Struggle and Gender Politics in Tokyo Host Clubs' - Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship
DR. AKIKO TAKEYAMA, University of Kansas, United States, received a Hunt Fellowship in July 2010 to aid research and writing on 'Affect Economy: Neoliberal Class Struggle and Gender Politics in Tokyo Host Clubs.' This ethnography examines how men and women in Japan's sex-related entertainment industry negotiate changing, yet pervasive gender, sexual, and class norms. The study focuses on Japan's host clubs, where young working-class men 'sell' romance, love, and sometimes sex to their female clients. The grantee argues that a commodified form of romance allows opportunities for Japanese men's upward class mobility and women's sexual liberation, while it simultaneously underscores new configurations of gender subordination, social inequality, and the exploitative nature of what she calls an 'affect economy' in Japan. The affect economy refers to the so-called service industry and, by extension, a postindustrial society that capitalizes on affect -a physiological intensity that can be strategically evoked to mobilize the other. This project proposes an anthropological understanding of the affect economy whereby political rationality is transmitted, market value is generated, and social norms are negotiated. Affect Economy thus theorizes new forms and meanings of labor, commodities, and subjectivity that intertwine to reconfigure gender, class, and the notion of freedom in contemporary Japan.
Takeyama, Akiko. 2010. Intimacy for Sale: Masculinity, Entrepreneurship, and Commodity Self in Japan's Neoliberal Situation. Japanese Studies 30 (2):231-246.
Garrett, Dr. Paul B., Temple U., Philadelphia, PA - To aid research and writing on 'Behind Every Mountain: Language Socialization and Language Shift in St. Lucia' - Richard Carley Hunt Fellowship
DR. PAUL B. GARRETT, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, received a Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship in May 2003 to aid research and writing on 'Behind Every Mountain: Language Socialization and Language Shift in St. Lucia.' In the Caribbean island of St. Lucia, a process of rapid language shift is currently underway. Only two to three decades ago, most St. Lucians were monolingual speakers of Kwéyòl, an Afro-French creole language. Today, many children are acquiring very little Kwéyòl, if any; they are instead growing up as monolingual speakers of an emergent non-standard English vernacular. St. Lucia's dual colonial heritage-first French, then British-has given rise to a complex sociolinguistic setting that has become even more complex in recent years as St. Lucians have struggled to negotiate and to (re)define their identity as a newly independent people while seeking political, economic, and cultural self-determination. Paradoxically, as Kwéyòl has come to be valorized as a potent (though polyvalent) symbol of St. Lucia's cultural heritage, it has become increasingly evident that the language is going into decline. Meanwhile the emergence of Vernacular English of St. Lucia has further complicated matters, as this distinct but metalinguistically elusive non-standard variety displaces Kwéyòl in many vernacular domains. Focusing on the first broadly bilingual generation in a rural village, this study investigates the densely interrelated factors that have given rise to language shift and that continue to drive it forward. Extensive analyses of language socialization interactions involving children and their caregivers provide insight into everyday communicative practices-particularly those occurring at the critical juncture between generations-and elucidate their largely unforeseen and misrecognized ramifications. The ultimate goal of the study is to offer a fine-grained ethnographic account of contact-induced linguistic and sociocultural change in progress.
Garrett, Paul B.2007. 'Say It Like You See It': Radio Broadcasting and the Mass Mediation of Creole Nationhood in St. Lucia. Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power 14(1-2):135-160.
Young, Dr. Sera Lewise, U. of California, Berkeley, CA - To aid research and writing on 'Eating Dirt and Loving it: A Biocultural Study of Pica' - Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship
DR. SERA L. YOUNG, University of California, Berkeley, California, received a Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship in October 2008 to aid research and writing on 'Eating Dirt and Loving It: A Biocultural Study of Pica.' For over 2300 years we have known that people eat dirt, on purpose. Earth and other non-food substances like starch, charcoal, and ice have been craved and eaten in nearly every culture: by pregnant women in Ancient Greece, by plantation slaves, by religious pilgrims and by thoroughly ashamed modern women, who only dare confess their desires anonymously in internet chat rooms. But why? This book, Eating Dirt, and Loving It: A Delectable Account of 2000 Years of Pica, is a comprehensive description of pica throughout history and around the world. In Part I, pica in its many guises is defined and described. In Part II, the most plausible explanations that have been offered for this behavior are evaluated. These include hunger, micronutrient deficiencies, and protection from toxins and pathogens. Each of these hypotheses are examined from a multidisciplinary perspective, using a variety information sources, including anecdotal reports (from early explorers, medieval physicians, midwifes, missionaries, slave owners), case studies, epidemiological surveys, ethnography, biomedical interventions, and biochemical analyses of pica substances from around the world.
Hui, Dr. Yew-Foong, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore - To aid research & writing on 'Strangers at Home: History, Mobility, and Subjectivity Among the Chinese Communities of West Kalimantan, Indonesia' - Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship
DR. YEW-FOONG HUI, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore, was awarded a Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship in October 2009, to aid research and writing on 'Strangers at Home: History, Mobility, and Subjectivity among the Chinese Communities of West Kalimantan, Indonesia.' This is a book project based on an anthropological-historical study of Chinese communities from West Kalimantan, Indonesia. While most studies of the Chinese diaspora take China as the point of origin and departure for Chinese overseas, this study looks at the migratory trajectories of Chinese communities by situating West Kalimantan as the starting point. From this perspective, the book examines events such as the departure of Chinese for Communist China in the 1950s to participate in the socialist construction of the homeland, the mass exodus of Chinese during 1959-1961 as a result of economic nationalism and ethnic discrimination in Indonesia, and the eviction of Chinese from the West Kalimantan hinterland due to ethnic violence in 1967. Whether such trajectories are inspired by desire for a mythical homeland, or actuated through symbolic or real violence, they demonstrate the impact of history and mobility on the Chinese subject. Through such historical events, the notions of 'stranger' and 'home' -- and what they imply for the Chinese subject -- is examined. In turn, this book argues for the centrality of history and mobility in the production of subjectivity among the Chinese overseas, particularly in the context of the emergence of post-colonial nation-states.
Londono-Sulkin, Dr. Carlos D., U. of Regina, Regina, Canada - To aid research and writing on 'Moral Selfhood and the Achievement of Social Life among Muinane People, Colombia' - Richard Carley Hunt Fellowship
DR. CARLOS D. LONDONO-SULKIN, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, was awarded a Richard Carley Hunt Fellowship in January 2005 to fund the production of a monograph describing the ongoing achievement of social life of Muinane and other People of the Center (Colombian Amazon), and how this life was shaped by their morally evaluative understandings of themselves and of their interactions. The monograph portrays their social organization and cosmology, how individuals talked about these matters, and particularly how they articulated their decisions and moral evaluations of their own and others' subjectivities and actions, often in the very terms with which they talked about mythical origins, clans and lineages, and interspecies relations. The monograph emphasizes the point that selfhood and social life are products of individuals' interactions, and hence insists on describing particular instances of dialogue and other symbolic deployments. It also discusses the matter of key debates in current Amazonianist scholarship, concerning cosmological perspectivism and the place of alterity in Amazonian sociality. The monograph features chapters on moral selfhood; perspectivism, the human and the inhuman; key person-constituting substances such as tobacco, coca, manioc, cool herbs and hot chilies; virtue and social organization; knowledge and agency; and quotidian and occasional predatory transformations.
Londono Sulkin, Carlos David. 2010. People of No Substance: Imposture and the Contingency of Morality in the Colombian Amazon. In Ordinary Ethics: Anthropology, Language and Action. Michael Lambek ed. New York: Fordham University Press. 273-291.
Londono Sulkin, Carlos D. 2008. Instrumental Speeches, Morality, and Masculine Agency among Muinane People (Colombian Amazon). Tipiti, The Journal of the Society of the Anthropology of Lowland South America 1-2(4):199-222
Overholtzer, Dr. Lisa Marie, McGill U. Montral, Canada - To aid research and writing on 'Empires at Home: The Materiality of Household Production and Consumption at Xaltocan, Mexico' - Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship
Preliminary abstract: A Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship will support the completion of a monograph on the materiality of household production and consumption practices in Postclassic and early colonial Xaltocan, Mexico. This research reframes our understandings of macro-level economic processes to include the daily material practices of ordinary people and the social relationships that drive production and exchange. The book applies this approach by reconstructing diachronic and synchronic variation in commoner households at Xaltocan: it explores how one household altered their economic strategies across changing social, political, and economic contexts with the rise of the Aztec empire and the arrival of the Spanish, comparing this household with site-level trends evident in surface collections and test pits, and it examines variation between contemporaneous early colonial per