Floyd, Dr. Simeon I., Max Planck Inst., Nijmegen, Netherlands - To aid workshop on 'The Grammar of Knowledge Asymmetries: 'Conjunct/Disjunct' Alignment from a Cross-Linguistic Perspective,' 2011, Boulder, CO, in collaboration with Dr. Lila San Roque
Preliminary abstract: Knowledge is negotiated in speech according to specific norms of interaction and grammar. 'Conjunct/Disjunct' (C/D) alignment systems are an under-studied grammatical expression of such negotiations. Verbs are marked as 'conjunct' in first person statements or in second person questions, and as 'disjunct' in other situations, picking out the participant with the highest epistemic authority. C/D systems have been described for languages of the Himalayas, the Caucasus, Andean South America and Highlands New Guinea, but have not yet been well-studied in cross-linguistic perspective. C/D systems are relevant for theories of social cognition: the morphology reflects the exchangeability of viewpoint with others, a topic that is currently being taken up as 'intersubjectivity' in linguistic and evolutionary anthropology, as well as in interaction studies. This workshop will bring together for the first time specialists working in four geographic areas where C/D alignment is attested to form a scholarly community, address conceptual and terminological divides between specific regional traditions and build towards a cross-linguistically viable framework for further work. A focus on C/D forms in interaction will highlight their relevance for social behavior more broadly, allowing this emerging area of linguistic typology to contribute to research on the social organization of intersubjective knowledge.
Ben Hounet, Dr. Yazid, College de France, Paris, France - To aid workshop on 'Truth, Intentionality and Evidence: Anthropological Approaches to Crime and Tort,' 2015, Centre Jacques Berque, Rabat, Morocco
'Truth, Intentionality and Evidence: Anthropological Approaches to Crime and Tort'
January 29-30, 2015, Centre Jacques Berque, Rabat, Morocco
Organizer: Yazid Ben Hounet (College de France)
The goal of this workshop was to investigate the notion of crime and torts in their contextual definitions, especially in the ways they were perceived by those most concerned. By doing so, we followed Isaac Schapera's suggestion to recognize the importance of understanding the perception of crime. Thus, the workshop intended to report and analyze different perceptions and definitions of actions as crimes or torts depending on the contexts and on people involved in various instances or moments of trials, mediations, and arbitrations. Presentations focused more precisely on the notions of truth, intentionality, and evidence related to the perception and definition of crimes and torts. The presentations consisted of empirical cases from different field sites in France, Italy, Morocco, Mexico, India, South Africa, Sudan, Syria, Iran and Algeria. The first day, presentations shed light on the impact of judiciary traditions and cultural categories in the process of assessing crime and tort, technologies of truth finding and the establishment of evidence, the metaphysical knowledge that surround the people engaged in assessing the crime and the tort. The second day, presentations focused more directly on the notions of intentionality and the cultural ideas of truth. The last session was devoted to the notion of truth in trials.
Underhill, Karen J., Northern Arizona U., Flagstaff, AZ - To aid conference on 'Native American Protocols for American Libraries, Archives, and Information Services,' 2006, Northern Arizona U., in collaboration with Dr. Willow Roberts Powers
Hundreds of organizations in the United States hold archival collections, gathered with and without informed consent, which document Native American lifeways. Although well- intentioned, non-American Indian archivists in traditional institutions may lack training in the many nuances of caring for such collections. On April 5-7, 2006 a group of nineteen archivists, librarians, museum curators, historians, and anthropologists gathered at Northern Arizona University Cline Library (Flagstaff, Arizona) to identify best practices for the respectful care and use of American Indian archival material held by non-tribal organizations. The participants represented fifteen Native American, First Nation, and Aboriginal communities. The Protocols under development and discussion build upon numerous professional ethical codes as well as international declarations recognizing Indigenous rights and the ground- breaking Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Protocols for Libraries, Archives, and Information Services. The meeting participants look forward to increased cooperation between tribal and non-tribal libraries and archives. Upon completion, the Protocols will be available through the Web sites of organizations such as the American Indian Library Association, the Society of American Archivists, and CoP AR. This project has received generous support from the Wenner-Gren Foundation, the American Library Association, the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation, the National Library of Medicine, The Bay and Paul Foundations, the Northern Arizona University Institute for Native Americans, and Dr. P. David and Mary Seaman.
Prato, Dr. Giuliana B., U. of Kent, Kent, UK - To aid IUAES inter-congress on 'Issues of Legitimacy: Entrepreneurial Culture, Corporate Responsibility and Urban Development,' 2012, Naples, Italy, in collaboration with Dr. Italo Pardo
Preliminary Abstract: This Conference will bring together a large field of Anthropologists based in various countries and specializing in a wide range of ethnographic settings. They will be joined by jurists, lawyers and economists to address issues of high contemporary intellectual relevance and of burning public concern raised by today's increasingly competitive global economic scenario. Urban settings are a dominant form of associated life that encapsulate the socio-economic impact of increasingly significant international regulations and flows of capital and people. Governance and the law have generally failed to meet constructively the challenge posed by the complexities and implications of this world-wide phenomenon, thus raising a critical problematic of legitimacy and legitimation. Anthropological analysis has identified entrepreneurial cultures rooted in the morality and ramifications of a 'strong continuous interaction' between the material and the non material. Delegates will reflect on the significance, ramifications and impact, or potential impact, on the broader society of such an empirical sine qua non. The role that individual and collective entrepreneurialism, and the attendant culture and social impact, have to play in such a scenario is much too often frustrated by selective policies and the law. Eschewing confusion between individuality and individualism, anthropologists have demonstrated how this both encourages exclusion and widens the gap between governance and the governed across the world. The Conference will reflect on the distinction between individual action and individualistic goals and on issues of legitimacy and responsibility in socio-economic action and the management of political decision-making. We aim to bring out the contribution that empirically-based analysis has to offer to the broader society, debating such a contribution with ordinary entrepreneurs, professionals and law- and policy-makers. The Conference aims to contribute to key debates in anthropology and to interdisciplinary development of ideas, and to provide the basis for landmark publications.
Lopez, Dr. Sergio, State U. of New York, Potsdam, NY - To aid '2nd AIBR International Conference of Anthropology,' 2016, Barcelona, Spain, in collaboration with Dr. Manuel Delgado Ruiz
Preliminary abstract: Building on the success of its first edition, the 2nd AIBR International Conference of Anthropology brings anthropologists from many different parts of the world under the theme 'Identity: Bridges, Thresholds, and Barriers.' Since the beginnings of our discipline, we have reflected upon the categories, the continuities and discontinuities of being human. Therefore, to what extent are we 'inventing' identity? If we have traditionally drawn a line between identity and alterity, have these essential concepts not served to be the discipline's very barriers? At one level, thinking about who we are requires to discriminate, to define and to separate. At another level it requires to incorporate, to relate, to entangle. These are the vectors by which the idea of identity is 'good to think' and to be thought about, to discuss, and to provoke the anthropological debate that we will engage in at this conference. In the 2nd AIBR International Conference of Anthropology we build on the experience of our first edition, which was held in the city of Madrid (Spain), in July 2015. It hosted a total of 832 delegates who participated in 140 panels. The high turnout in Madrid and the positive feedback that we received from the conference participants shows that there is a need to convene an annual meeting within the context of Ibero-American anthropology (Spain, Portugal, and Latin America). The second edition of this conference will be jointly organized by AIBR (Network of Iberoamerican Anthropologists) and GRECS (Research Group on Control and Social Exclusion, University of Barcelona) during 6-7 September 2015 in the beautiful city of Barcelona (Spain). The theme for this year 'Identity: Bridges, Thresholds, and Barriers' welcomes a large number of proposals and anthropologists from all sub-fields of the discipline. The conference aims to create a space that combines traditional forms of dissemination of knowledge--papers, posters, keynote addresses--with a wide variety of formats to inspire discussion and debate--round tables, documentary films, and book presentations.
Grimson, Dr. Alejandro, U. Nacional de San Martin, Buenos Aires, Argentina - To aid 'VIII Reunión de Antropología del MERCOSUR: Diversity and Power in Latin America,' 2009, Buenos Aires, in collaboration with Axel Lazzari
'8th Meeting of Anthropology of the Mercosur'
September 29 - October 2, 2009, Buenos Aire, Argentina
Organizers: Alejandro Grimson and Axel Lazzari (Universidad Nacional de San Martín)
'Diversity and Power in Latin America' was the theme for this 8th Meeting of Anthropology of the Mercorsur. Hosted by the Instituto de Altos Estudios Sociales (IDEAS) at the National University of San Martin in Bueons Aires, more than 3,000
researchers and graduate students from across Latin America, North America, and Europe gathered to participate in 30 special sessions, 75 working groups, and 14 forums, making this the largest meeting of Anthropology in the Mercosur to date A photographic exhibition, 35 ethnographic films, and a special session on the uses of photography and video in anthropological research were included among many other activities.
Browner, Dr. Carole H., U. of California, Los Angeles, CA - To aid conference on 'Reproduction, Globalization, and the State,' 2006, Rockefeller Bellagio Center, Italy, in collaboration with Dr. Carolyn Sargent
'Reproduction, Globalization and the State'
June 1-7, 2006, Rockefeller Bellagio Conference Center, Bellagio, Italy
Organizers: Dr. Carole H. Browner (University of California - Los Angeles) and Dr. Carolyn Sargent (Southern Methodist University)
This workshop explored the impact of national and global structures and ideologies on reproductive health policies, behaviors, and technologies in diverse populations worldwide. The sixteen presentations generated three major themes: 'Conceptualizing the Local, State, Global;' 'Conceptualizing Linkages;' and 'Future Directions.' Discussions during the week-long workshop resulted in some of the following conclusions: 1) The nature of global processes requires an emphasis on connection, and definitions of local/global/state must be formulated in relation to one another; 2) Researchers must broaden the concept of 'site' so it refers to both 'place' and subject (or body) where multiple social agendas may converge; and 3) The concept of agency requires more investigation as a productive and/or counter-productive practice in the domain of reproduction.
Weber, Dr. Clare M., Washington State U., Vancouver, WA - To aid workshop on 'Taking Stock: Anthropology, Craft and Artisans in the 21st Century,' 2012, Washington State U., in collaboration with Dr. Alicia Ory Denicola
Preliminary abstract: The proposed workshop aims to use the exchange of ethnographically rich papers and in-depth discussions to take the study of craft from the margins of anthropology to its center. Our goal is to produce a comprehensive retrospective understanding of the diverse treatments of craft in the discipline, as well as to frame a prospective agenda for how craft can be made central to theorizing human experience in global socio-economic frameworks. We have formed a group of junior and senior anthropologists, with diverse geographical expertise, and from different pedagogical traditions to tackle issues of importance to both craft scholarship and anthropology as a whole. These include the lingering tensions between craft construed as tradition and craft as innovative cultural practice; the place of craft in larger cultural movements centered around design and revitalization (in which anthropologists are themselves implicated); the play of reality and authenticity in craft practice and producers and their various mediations; and craft as a means by which subjects anchor themselves in the highly fluid and changeable flows of contemporary life. The workshop marks a shift from conventional treatments of craft by deliberately incorporating studies of craft in the domain of high technology. Our intention is to destabilize notions of craft as relic or revival, and instead to claim that craft can act as a fulcrum upon which numerous interpretive concerns about labor, identity, embodiment, and global economic and culture flows turn. A book is planned from the workshop, as well as a website that will develop into a resource base for the study of craft in anthropology, and related disciplines.
Rivoal, Dr. Isabelle, Laboratoire d'Ethnologie et de Sociologie Comparative, Paris, France - To aid conference on 'EASA 2012: Uncertainty And Disquiet,' U. of Paris, in collaboration with Dr. Susana Narotzky
'Uncertainty and Disquiet: The Biennial Conference of the European Association of Social Anthropologists (EASA)'
July 10-13, 2012, Paris, France
Organizers: Dr. Isabelle Rivoal (LESC) and Dr. Susan Narotzky (U. Barcelona)
The EASA biennial conference explored the issue of uncertainties and disquiet. The major goals of this conference were to: 1) offer prestigious lectures along with a diversity of anthropological works-in-progress from all over Europe (and abroad); 2) provide a venue of high standard with the warmth of a campus atmosphere; 3) provide a buoyant publisher exhibition; and 4) support the attendance of students and untenured colleagues. In this regard, with 140 panels held during three days and an attendance of 1500 delegates, EASA2012 was the largest EASA biennial yet and a success. Université Paris Ouest Nanterre la Défense (UPO) hosted the conference and graciously loaned its facilities, and Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) provided staff (local committee), as well as financial and technical support in addition to funding from Wenner-Gren Foundation.
Masud, Dr. Muhammad, Islamabad, Pakistan - To aid workshop on 'New Anthropological Studies of the Tablighi Jamaat Transnational Islamic Revivalist Movement: From National to Global,' 2012, Oxford U., UK, in collaboration with Dr. Scott Flower
'New Anthropological Studies of the Tablighi Jamaat Transnational Islamic Revivalist Movement: From National to Global'
October 14-18, 2012, U. of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Organizers: Dr. Muhammad Masud (Int'l Islamic U.) and Dr. Scott Flower (U. New South Wales)
Tablighi Jamaat is a movement for the renewal of Islam founded in the 1930s under very specific local conditions in Mewat, India. Since its founding it has transformed from a local to regional and finally a global movement in over one hundred sixty countries. The movement's missionary activities usually involve small groups (six to ten) of self-funded and organized individuals, however the Tablighi's annual international meeting known as 'Ijtema' held in Pakistan and Bangladesh attracts between 2-3.5 million Muslims. In addition to the Tablighi Jamaat being the Muslim world's largest social movement its international Ijtema is also the second largest pilgrimage in the Muslim world behind the pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj), yet the movement and its transformation remains understudied. The workshop brought together eighteen scholars from around the world to Oxford University's Centre for Islamic Studies to present and discuss their research, with contributors' papers facilitating much comparative analysis and wide ranging discussion. The workshop critically examined continuity and change within the Jamaat membership and bureaucracy over the last decade and local-global and global-local causes of change. The workshop also facilitated important intergenerational knowledge exchange between senior scholars of the Tablighi Jamaat who have recently retired or are close to retiring and younger emerging scholars. An edited book will result from the workshop.