Cunha, Manuela Ivone, U. do Minho, Braga, Portugal - To aid conference on 'Ethnografeast III: Ethnography and the Public Sphere,' 2007, ISCTE, Lisbon, in collaboration with Dr. Maria Antonia Lima
'Ethnografeast III: Ethnography and the Public Sphere'
June 20-23, 2007, Instituto Superior de Ciencias do Trabalho e da Empresa, Lisbon, Portugal
Organizers: Dr. Manuela Ivone Cunha (Universidade do Minho) and Dr. Maria Antonia Lima (ISCTE)
'Ethnografeast III' brought together a group of field-based anthropologists and sociologists to address the relationship between ethnography and the public sphere. Questions raised by this relationship go beyond classical discussions about 'applied' or other research whose 'usefulness' is understood strictly in instrumental terms. They involve not only research that engages policy-making and makers, but, more widely, research that tackles salient social issues or politically significant phenomena. The relevance of ethnographic research for civic concerns or the public framing of research questions and findings, the agendas, the audiences, and the circulation of ethnographic products, the negotiation of ethnographic expertise, the question of the continuities and discontinuities between ethnographic knowledge and civic choices or political decisions, are issues that call for a broad reflection on the effects of public debates on ethnography and vice-versa.
Van Tilburg, Dr. Hans Konrad, NOAA Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, Honolulu, HI - To aid 'Asia Pacific Regional Conference on Underwater Cultural Heritage,' 2014, U. of Hawaii Manoa, Honolulu, in collaboration with Dr. Jun Kimura
Preliminary abstract: The 2001 UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage entered into force on 2 January 2009 and now provides a basis for international cooperation and exchange of knowledge about underwater cultural heritage. Recent decades have witnessed an expansion of activity directed at underwater cultural heritage which has raised awareness of its potential and significance. Underwater cultural heritage is complex, combining related disciplines and issues critical to our time. Consideration of indigenous cultural values, heritage tourism, biological interactions, socio-economic benefits, and threats from increased development, industrial extraction, diving activities, and even climate change, continue to shape our understanding of this field. The emerging role of cultural resources within ocean stewardship underscores the need for government agencies, heritage groups, coastal zone managers, diving groups and other ocean users to formulate a better approach to managing non-renewable underwater cultural heritage. This conference provides an opportunity to discuss the nature and meaning and potential of underwater cultural heritage, and to exchange and disseminate critical information about heritage and recent underwater archaeology projects from the countries of Asia and the countries of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The 2014 Hawai`i location provides an opportunity for greater participation by Pacific Island nations.
Pinto, Dr. Paulo, U. Federal Fluminense, Brazil - To aid workshop on 'Islamic Ethnographies: Describing Religious Practices in the Muslim World,' 2009, Catholic U. of Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, in collaboration with Dr. Baudoin Dupret
'Ethnographies of Islam'
November 4-6, 2009, Aga Khan University, London, United Kingdom
Organizers: Baudouin Dupret (CNRS), Kathryn Spellman-Poots (Aga Khan University), Paulo Pinto (Univeridade Federal Fluminense), and Thomas Pierret (Université Louvain, Belgium)
The workshop gathered anthropologists and other social scientists in order to debate the epistemological consequences of the use of the ethnograhic method on their construction of academic discourses on a plurality of social phenomena connected to Islam. The idea was not simply to show the diversity and plurality of the Muslim World, but also to promote a reflection on how the ethnographic method allows the description, representation, and analysis of this social and cultural complexity in Anthropology and the other Social Sciences. The ethnographic studies presented in the workshop focused on discourses and practices that Muslims themselves explicitly refer to as Islamic or a part of their religious life. They were organized into three main axes: Rituals and Symbols; Interactions in Context; and Authority, Power and Institutions. The debates highlighted the cognitive, rhetorical, and political issues that underpin the descriptive and analytical rendering of the ethnographic experiences that the researchers had during their fieldwork. The comparison between the different empirical contexts that were exposed in the papers of the participants -- as well as between the discrete strategies of representation that appeared in their description and analysis -- allowed a methodological reflection about the strengths and limitations of ethnography in the rendering of the complexity of religious phenomena among Muslims into academic discourse. The papers of the participants in the workshop will be published by Edinburgh University Press in an edited volume.
Lavento, Dr. Mika, U. of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland - To aid '18th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists (EAA),' 2012, U. of Helsinki, in collaboration with Dr. Friedrich Luth
Preliminary abstract: The EAA's annual conferences aim to bring together archaeologists from all parts of Europe, and an increasing number from the United States of America and other parts of the world. The purpose of the conferences is to exchange ideas, to develop partnerships within Europe and beyond, to stimulate academic debate in a variety of archaeological fields, and to coordinate and enhance the management of cultural resources and the development of the archaeological profession, especially in the new democracies of Eastern Europe. While it is essential to offer insight into the recent development of archaeology in different parts of Europe and the world, it is perhaps even more important to exchange and share new ideas and methodological innovations to enable preservation of the cultural heritage in the globalizing world. These goals are achieved by dividing the conference topics in three major thematic blocks: Managing the Archaeological Record & the Cultural Heritage; Archaeology of Today: Theoretical & Methodical Perspectives; Archaeology & Material Culture - Interpreting the Archaeological Record. The information shared in the session and round table presentations establishes further discussion among EAA members and other colleagues both during the conference and later on in EAA publications (European Journal of Archaeology, The European Archaeologist) and on-line.
Engelbrecht, Dr. Beate, U. of Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany - To aid workshop on 'Cultural Heritage and Collaborative Ethnographic Film Work,' 2010, Gottingen, in collaboration with Dr. Peter Crawford
Preliminary abstract: Cultural heritage, collaborative ethnographic work, and ethnographic film work are discussed theoretically and methodologically again and again. However, this happens mainly separately from each other. In the context of intangible cultural heritage its documentation with film is of particular value. Nowadays, archival film material is sought after by the members of the respective cultures. New material is created by many people, amongst others by anthropologists and people of the respective cultures themselves. Having these diverse sources of material at hand the question of validity immediately arises. Which contribution can anthropology make? How important is the collaboration with local representatives, how does it work, and with which results? Which contribution can 'indigenous filmmaking' offer in this context? And, who decides whether or not an event, an expression, or a performance is an element of the cultural heritage?
Different examples of collaborative ethnographic film work from various parts of the world will be examined in the context of the contemporary culture heritage discourse. The aim is to achieve a deeper insight into the processes of creating cultural heritage, in using film, and in thus documenting intangible cultural heritage.
The papers and film excerpts will be published by Intervention Press, Aarhus, Denmark.
Andersson Strand, Dr. Eva, U. of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark - To aid workshop on 'Traditional Textile Craft: An Intangible Cultural Heritage?,' 2014, Jordan Museum, Amman, Jordan, in collaboration with Dr. Jihad Kafaki
Preliminary abstract: Textile craft and textile design have always had an important social, cultural and economic impact on both individuals and societies. The cultural heritage of textiles does not end with the preservation and collection of costumes and other textiles in museums. It includes living traditions inherited from our ancestors and passed on to our descendants; knowledge and skills to produce traditional crafts; and the language and terminologies used to describe both the activities and the material outcomes. Cloth and clothing have always been of interest to anthropologists and archaeologists. From both sides we are aware of each other's research, in the same way we are aware of crafts people and their advocators. However, we tend to discuss our work in isolation: archaeologists have their forums and anthropologists theirs. It is one of the primary aims of this workshop to bring together archaeologists, anthropologists and textile experts to better understand each other's approaches, uses, theoretical frameworks and the practical realities of craft. It will explore the use of traditional textile craft across time and space with the aim of exchanging knowledge and gaining insights into each other's agendas in order to have a better understanding of traditional textile craft and heritage frameworks.
We will, together with the participants, create an interactive, international and interdisciplinary network and platform for knowledge exchange which will allow approaches that are wide ranging and innovative. This will make the importance of textile crafts and textile histories more visible than hitherto with a clear recognition of the intertwined relationships between textiles, textile crafts, people and cultural heritage
Reuter, Dr. Thomas A., Monash U., Clayton, Victoria, Australia - To aid WCAA conference on 'Opportunities and Challenges: Toward an Agenda for World Anthropology,' 2009, Kunming, China, in collaboration with Dr. Gustavo Ribeiro
'Opportunities and Challenges for International Cooperation and Participation in Anthropology: Toward an Agenda for World Anthropology'
July 27-31, 2009, Kunming, China
Organizers: Thomas A. Reuter (Monash University) and Gustavo Ribeiro (Universidade de Brasilia)
This symposium was an open forum at which cooperative efforts to facilitate international communication and collaboration among anthropologists and anthropological associations were discussed. Representatives of all WCAA member associations present at the 2009 IUAES World Congress (July 27-31, Kunming, China) were invited to contribute to the
meeting, together with key representatives of the IUAES. The discussion focused on the different roles of the WCAA, IUAES, regional and national associations, asking what each can accomplish and how they can support one another?s endeavors. Individual presentations focused on specific tasks within the overall goal of advancing cooperation and participation within the discipline globally. The discussion explored how such important tasks may be accomplished through existing institutional resources and collaborations. Each representative at the meeting was asked to report back to their governing board and membership on the forum?s ideas and proposals for collaboration. A joint publication of the
presentations is in progress.
Long, Dr. Nicholas J., U. of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK - To aid workshop on 'The Social Life of Achievement,' 2010, U. of Cambridge, in collaboration with Dr. Henrietta Louise Moore
'The Social Life of Achievement'
September 29 - October 2, 2010, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Organizers: Nicholas J. Long and Henrietta Louise Moore (University of Cambridge)
Concepts of achievement and motivation enjoy widespread circulation in today?s world. They are taken up and vernacularized in distinctive ways by both individuals and policy makers, and are implicit in many anthropological notions of agency and efficacy. Achievement is widely seen as a pathway to fulfillment and prosperity. Yet increasing
bodies of research in both anthropology and developmental psychology has suggested that matters may not be so simple. While achievement can empower people, it can also leave them unhappy, unconfident, and risk avoidant. This workshop brought together specialists from anthropology, psychology, and related disciplines to develop a comparative approach to the multiple trajectories that achievement has in the social world -- the 'social life of achievement.' Papers traced the genealogy of 'achievement' in different settings as well as the significant political, material, and social circumstances in which achievement occurred, the way that experiences and explanations of achievement articulated with local understandings of the self, and achievement?s capacity to be narrated -- or go unrecognized -- within specific genres. In every case, these dynamics could be strategically manipulated so as to empower or oppress. Participants also discussed the methodology and ethics of writing anthropologically about ?achievement?, and the potential contribution that anthropological interventions could make to policy.
Gal, Dr. Susan, U. of Chicago, Chicago, IL - To aid workshop on linguistic anthropology research, 2001, Chicago, in collaboration with Dr. Bruce Mannheim
'Linguistic Anthropology Research Consortium,' 2001-2003, Chicago, Illinois -- Organizers: Susan Gal (University of Chicago) and Bruce Manheim (University of Michigan). The Linguistic Anthropology Research Consortium was organized to promote intellectual synergy among linguistic anthropologists in the Great Lakes region, enhance the research of its members, and jointly develop areas of theoretical advance within linguistic anthropology. The group met nine times in three years. Each meeting was devoted to the work in progress of two members, followed by broader theoretical debate. Papers were distributed ahead of time. A sense of joint effort emerged, along with a convergence of theoretical frameworks for investigating the ways in which language and text are commodified, how discursive practices circulate in global flows, and how linguistic practices are social differentiated. In addition to the single-authored publications developed through this series of meetings, a 'Midwest nexus' of linguistic anthropology emerged. Consortium members have begun to seek further funding to institutionalize their collaboration in the form of yearly conferences and websites.