Jackson, Dr. Fatimah L.C., U. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC - To aid conference on 'The Genetics of Africa and the Transatlantic African Diaspora,' 2012, Chapel Hill, in collaboration with Dr. Jesse A. Hardin
'International Conference on the Genetics of the Peoples of Africa and the Transatlantic African Diaspora'
March 19-20, 2012, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Organizers: Dr. Fatimah L.C. Jackson & Dr. Jesse A. Hardin (U. North Carolina)
This international conference brought together over 250 individuals (including more than forty invited established scholars and a hundred emerging scholars) to provide a comprehensive assessment of the genetics and genomics of the peoples of Africa and of the Transatlantic African Diaspora. This integrated trans-disciplinary conference filled gaps in our current understanding of the magnitude of genetic diversity in Africa and the Americas, its evolutionary and demographic origins, biocultural and ecological context, geographical distributions, and biomedical significance. The conference yielded new data on African genetic variants, the presence of African genetics in the Americas, evidence for new genetic configurations in the Americas, and developed a research agenda for future research in this area. Wenner-Gren funding covered travel and accommodations for eight scholars from Europe and Africa to attend in the two-day meeting.
Cohen, Dr. Mark N., Plattsburgh State U., Plattsburgh, NY - To aid conference on paleopathology at the origins of agriculture revisited, 2004, Peru, NY, in collaboration with Dr. George J. Armelagos and Dr. Gillian Crane-Kramer
Sternberg, Dr. Troy, U. of Oxford, Oxford, UK - To aid workshop on 'Localities and Livelihoods in Asian Drylands: Pastoralism in an Era of Climatic, Economic, and Social Change,' 2015, U. of Oxford, in collaboration with Ms. Ariell Ahearn-Ligham
Preliminary abstract: The workshop, Localities and Livelihoods in Asian Drylands, aims to build the capacity of native scholars that work on pastoralism and society in Asian drylands and to examine the related themes of agency, risk, and boundaries as they pertain to the wider fields of anthropology and human geography and push forward new and relevant theory in these substantive areas. The unique incubator will strengthen interaction and collaboration of Asian scholars working on issues related to the anthropology of pastoralist peoples in dryland environments. Participants will focus on improving academic writing and communication skills through contributing papers to a rigorous peer-review and mentoring process involving one-on-one support by established anthropologists. This process will occur in tandem with discussion, article preparation and presentation on the themes of agency, risk and boundaries. The outcome of this programme will form a special journal issue. 'Localities and Livelihoods' has the potential to make a great impact through the development of local anthropological scholars and expanded discourse on Asian drylands. It will bookend the Oxford Desert Conference to provide four days of focused work sessions in combination with many opportunites to present to a wider audience of interdisciplianry and international scholars.
O'Connell, Dr. Tamsin Christina, U. of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK - To aid '7th Advanced Seminar on Palaeodiet,' 2010, McDonald Institute, Cambridge, in collaboration with Dr. Julia Anne Lee-Thorp
'7th Advanced Seminar On Palaeodiet'
June 21-26, 2010, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Organizers: Tamsin O'Connell (University of Cambridge) and Julia Lee-Thorp (University of Oxford)
Diet is a key question in archaeology because it impacts on so many human conditions, such as economy, health, status, life history, environment, and residence. Chemical analyses of human and animal remains are now routinely used to elucidate palaeodietary patterns, proving informative at many stages of the past, from diets of extinct hominids to transitions
to agriculture and urban societies. The chemical markers analyzed (mostly stable isotopes) reflect chemical compositional differences between food types, transferred to consumers’ body tissues during the incorporation of dietary intake. The field has expanded rapidly in breadth and in technological advances that allow finer-scale sampling. These advances offer
opportunities to address more subtle archaeological questions, but they have also made it obvious that we face considerable challenges relating to more nuanced interpretations of the data. In the tradition of previous Seminars on Palaeodiet, this meeting brought together experts from archaeology, ecology, and physiology, to address current questions and challenges in an intensive workshop format.
Kotsakis, Dr. Konstantinos, U. of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece - To aid 8th annual meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists (EAA), 2002, U. of Thessaloniki, in collaboration with Dr. Willem Willems
Doretti, Mercedes, Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team, Brooklyn, NY - To aid Third Annual Meeting of Latin American Association of Forensic Anthropologists (ALAF), 2005, Bogota, Colombia
In September 2005, ALAF held its third conference in Bogota, Colombia, organized by the newly formed non- governmental Colombian forensic anthropology team, EQUITAS. More than 170 forensic scientists, academics, anthropology and archaeology students, social psychologists accompanying forensic work, local human rights activists, Colombian prosecutors and lawyers, representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and representatives of the European Association of Forensic Anthropology (FASE) attended the five-day conference at National Museum in downtown Bogota. Fifty-eight papers and two posters were presented. Dr. Douglas Ubelaker from the Smithsonian Institute, USA gave a daylong workshop, 'Updating Forensic Anthropology Standards.' The papers presented at the meeting focused on six main topics: 1.) National and case examples showing the use of forensic sciences in the documentation of human rights violations and violations of humanitarian law; 2.) The relationship between government and non-governmental forensic teams and experts, and the different country origins of forensic anthropology; 3.) Initial research testing the application to national and/or regional context of standards and protocols for ,; forensic work based on population and contexts outside the region; 4.) The need for accreditation in Latin America for forensic anthropologists and archaeologists; 5.) The need to expand training and higher educational opportunities for Latin American forensic anthropologists, to enlarge inter-institutional agreements; and 6.) The development of an annual journal and other ALAF publications, summarizing regional work.
Ambaye, Dr. Yohannes Haile-Selassie, Cleveland Museum Natural History, Cleveland, OH - To aid workshop on 'Paleobiology, Taxonomy, & Paleoecology of Early Australopithecus,' 2013, Cleveland, in collaboration with Dr. Zeresenay Alemseged
Preliminary abstract: The paleobiology, paleoecology, taxonomy and phylogenetic relationships of species known for the hominin genus Australopithecus have been subjects of great interest and research since the naming of the genus in 1925. However, different paleoanthropologists have reached at different, sometimes contradicting, conclusions based on fossil specimens readily available for them to study. One of the major hurdles in the study of human origins and evolution is the fact that paleoanthropologists working on original fossil materials of early human ancestors rely entirely on the fossils that they recover from their own study area. This is a major problem in attempts to answer questions regarding early Australopithecus paleobiology, phylogeny, adaptation, habitat use and preferences. Inter- and Intra-regional comparisons are almost impossible. This is largely because paleanthropologists don't usually have access in a timely fashion to unpublished fossil materials collected by other researchers from other sites of similar age. As a result, they cannot effectively and comprehensively address the broader research questions mentioned above. It is arguable that most of the disagreements in interpretations of the fossil record are no doubt artefacts of the lack of common approach and collaboration toward tackling research questions. The main objective of the proposed symposium/workshop is to bring together many paleoanthropologists working at different African sites and create a consortium by which each participating project makes its fossil material available for the other project members on a timely manner and address the various outstanding research questions collectively. This symposium will definitely set new standards of collaboration in paleoanthropology.
Tsuda, Dr. Takeyuki, U. of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA - To aid conference on 'Diasporic Homecomings: Ethnic Return Migrants in Comparative Perspective,' UC San Diego, 2005
'Diasporic Homecomings: Ethnic Return Migrants in Comparative Perspective,' May 20-21, 2005, University of California - San Diego, La Jolla, California -- Organizer: Takeyuki Tsuda. This conference examined various groups of ethnic return migrants - diasporic peoples who return to their ancestral homelands after living outside their countries of ethnic origin for generations. Conference participants compared the ethnopolitical reception and experiences of ethnic return migrants in different European and East Asian countries. Diasporic return migration has often been enabled by extraterritorial citizenship and immigration policies of homeland governments based on imaginings of a broader ethnic nation beyond state borders that encompasses diasporic descendants abroad. Nonetheless, ethnic return migrants frequently receive an ambivalent reception in their homelands and are often marginalized as immigrant minorities because of their cultural differences and low socioeconomic position, forcing them to reconsider their national identities and loyalties and their previously idealized images of the ethnic homeland.
Pocs, Dr. Eva, U. of Pecs, Pecs, Hungary - To aid workshop on 'Spirit Possession. European Contributions to Comparative Studies,' 2012, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Pecs, in collaboration with Dr.Andras Zempleni
Preliminary abstract: European conceptions and rituals of spirit possession described by historians and ethnographers of Western and Eastern Europe have never been compared systematically with those observed by anthropologists elsewhere in the world. This workshop intends to trigger an exchange of ideas between qualified representatives of these oddly separated research communities in order to reformulate some basic questions recently raised in comparative anthropology of possession. Anthropological studies are still rooted in European notions of body-soul dualism, concepts of self and personhood, and they convey a whole set of presuppositions inherited from Christian models of „good' and „bad' possession. This legacy and these lasting presuppositions will be reviewed in a debate with historians of Europe going back to their origins. We expect a significant contribution of the workshop to ongoing anthropological attempts to redefine the very notion of possession to be freed from the western notion of the self and more clearly delineated from related idioms such as witchcraft, devotion, mysticism etc. European studies which have long been faced at a diachronic level with the thorny issue of delineation may both contribute to and benefit from ongoing anthropological studies focused on interactive transformations of official and popular concepts of possession competing in the contemporary transnationalized religious spaces of the Americas. New field data to be presented on the contents of messages issued by North-Indian and Malagasy mediums in a state of trance may incite both camps to revise former ideas on the nature of 'communication' triggered by trance. A pioneering anthropological approach, experimentally extended to European models, will address African possession rites as a form of indigenous historiography. This perspective promises to become another meaningful meeting point between Europeanists, Africanists, Americanists and Indianists.
Leinaweaver, Jessaca B., U. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI - To aid conference on 'Reproductive Disruptions: Childlessness, Adoption, and Other Reproductive Complexities,' 2005, U. of Michigan, in collaboration with Dr. Marcia C. Inhorn
'Reproductive Disruptions: Childlessness, Adoption, and Other Reproductive Complexities,' May 19-22, 2005, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan -- Organizer: Jessaca B. Leinaweaver and Marcia C. Inhorn. More than 225 scholars from 31 countries attended the conference, with travel funding provided to scholars from resource-poor societies, with Wenner-Gren funds going to support the travel of four anthropological scholars from Bangladesh, Brazil, Nigeria, and Pakistan. Their work ranged from demographic analysis of increased divorce rates among childless women in South Asia to the moral and ethical ambiguities of DNA paternity testing in South America. Their presence, along with numerous European and North American scholars, made this conference truly global in scope, and the most successful attempt yet to bring together social scientists and humanities scholars from around the world who study childlessness, adoption, and other forms of reproductive disruption/complexity. Presentations at the conference covered a broad range of reproductive topics including (but not limited to): local practices detrimental to safe pregnancy and birth; conflicting reproductive goals between women and men; the contested meanings of abortion; intentional reproductive loss through sex-selective feticide and female infanticide; cultural anxieties over infertility, adoption, donor parenthood, and childhood disability; and the globalization of new reproductive and genetic technologies. A plenary volume will be published by University of Michigan Press, and several special journal issues are also being planned.