Clark, Dr. Jeffrey, North Dakota State U., Fargo, ND - To aid conference of Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA) on 'Digital Discovery: Exploring New Frontiers in Human Heritage,' 2006, North Dakota State U.
'Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA),' April 18-22, 2006, Fargo, North Dakota. Organizer: Jeffery T. Clark (North Dakota State University). CAA2006 attracted researchers engaged or interested in the application of computer technology for research and education in human heritage. CAA2006 marked the first time in the organization's 34-year history that the conference was held outside of Europe. In joint session with CAA were the Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative (ECAI), and, via an electronic link, the Web3D Consortium. The conference was attended by 273 delegates from 31 countries. The papers, workshops, symposia, and posters presented dealt with a variety of issues: 3D visualization, database construction and management, geospatial referencing, remote sensing, predictive modeling, statistical analyses, web-based technologies, and more. CAA2006 Fargo served several functions: to unite an international group of professionals and students from a variety of disciplines for the benefit archaeology; to allow a forum for presentation, dissemination, and discussion of the~ information and innovation in computer applications and quantitative methods with application to archaeology; to attract people who as yet have had little exposure to the power and utility of current and developing technology; to attract a larger attendance by North Americans than is typical for the European CAAs; to stimulate the formation of a CAA North America Chapter; and to promote advanced research and education in human heritage.
Fry, Dr. Douglas P., Abo Akademi U., Vasa, Finland - To aid workshop on 'Aggression and Peacemaking: Archaeology, Primatology, Nomadic Forager Studies and Behavioral Ecology,' 2010, Leiden U., Netherlands, in collaboration with Dr. Johan van der Dennen
Preliminary abstract: This interdisciplinary workshop will include perspectives from archaeology, primatology, nomadic forager studies, and human behavioral ecology. Findings from each of these disciplines pertain to the study of conflict management within an evolutionary framework. There are a number of disagreements and controversies about human aggression and conflict management within and between these disciplines. The approach in this workshop is to invite scholars with different perspectives and from different disciplines to explore areas of agreement and disagreement in a collegial manner. The time is ripe to bring together scholars with different theoretical orientations for constructive discussion and debate. The use of several methods will facilitate fruitful interaction: plenary talks followed by question-answer discussions, open discussions, small group discussion break-out groups, and moderated panel discussions on specific topics. Do the bodies of knowledge from these fields converge or diverge? What major conclusions about human aggression and conflict management can be drawn, at least provisionally, from an assessment of knowledge from these different disciplines? What do we know and what do we still need to know? How do evolutionary and behavior ecological perspectives contribute to understanding human conflict management and aggression? An edited book will be the final outcome.
Fry, Douglas P. (ed.) 2013. War, Peace, and Human Nature: The Convergence of Evolutionary and Cultural Views. Oxford University Press: Oxford and New York.
Rost, Stephanie, Stony Brook U., Stony Brook, NY - To aid research on 'Irrigation and Political Centralization in the Ur III Period: The Case of the Province of Umma (Iraq),' supervised by Dr. Elizabeth C. Stone
STEPHANIE ROST, then a student at Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, received a grant in October 2011 to aid research on 'Irrigation and Political Centralization in the Ur III Period: The Case of the Province of Umma (South Iraq),' supervised by Dr. Elizabeth C. Stone. The field work undertaken at the Oriental Institute (University of Chicago) entailed the collection and analysis of the core data set of the dissertation project consisting of administrative records on the management of ancient irrigation systems. The dissertation examines the degree of state involvement in irrigation management in the Umma province of the Ur III state (2100-2004 BC). The study of the Sumerian Irrigation Terminology was instrumental in understanding Ur III irrigation management as it allowed for a clear distinction between irrigation and water management. Water management in southern Iraq consists of carefully balancing the great fluctuation between low and high water levels of the twin river Euphrates and Tigris. The preliminary results show that state's involvement was concentrated on water management by heavily financing water level control devices. While these devices were designed to provide irrigation water, their main function consisted of keeping water levels stable for prolonged river transportation and flood control. This finding is confirmed by the preliminary results on the degree of states involvement in managing irrigation systems. State sponsored work was concentrated on the key points (i.e. primary, secondary level and flow dividers) while the tertiary and field level seemed to have been managed locally.
Kratz, Dr. Corinne A., Tesuque, NM - To aid preparation of the personal research materials and professional papers of Dr. Ivan Karp, for archival deposit with the National Anthropological Archives, Suitland, MD - Historical Archives Program
University of Cape Town Fund, Inc., New York, NY- To aid Wenner-Gren Fellowship at the U. of Cape Town, South Africa, to support the training of black southern Africans in archaeology, supervised by Dr. Judith Sealy
Marshall, Maureen Elizabeth, U. of Chicago, Chicago, IL - To aid research on 'Political Subjects: Movement, Mobility, and Emplacement in Late Bronze Age (1500-1250 BC) Societies in Armenia,' supervised by Dr. Adam Thomas Smith
MAUREEN E. MARSHALL, then a student at University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, was awarded funding in October 2010 to aid research on 'Political Subjects: Movement, Mobility, and Emplacement in the Late Bronze Age (1500-1200 BC) Societies in Armenia, ' supervised by Dr. Adam T. Smith. In traditional models of the emergence of early complex polities, centralized political authority is understood to have developed slowly from an agrarian subsistence base predicated upon a stable settled population that provides the necessary intensive labor. Yet, Bronze Age societies in the South Caucasus seem to have experienced a different process. The dissertation research project thus examined the residential movements and geographic origins of subjects within early complex polities in the LBA South Caucasus through a combination of stable isotope analyses including strontium (87Sr/86Sr), trace element concentrations, carbon and oxygen (?13C and ?18O) carbonates, and carbon and nitrogen (?13C and ?15N) collagen. These analyses provide information on three types of movement: namely post-mortem movement, residential mobility, and movement in relation to dietary regimes. Such a combined approach to movement will provide a detailed basis for discussing how subjects experienced the socio-political landscape as extremely local (buried in the same place that they lived), as differentiated in death (moved to certain areas for burial), or as more open (moved residential locations during their lives). The research thus contributes to anthropological theories of early complex polities, political subjects, and mobility, by focusing on individual subject's practices and experiences of movement and emplacement.
Barkai, Dr. Ran, Tel-Aviv U., Tel-Aviv, Israel - To aid workshop on 'The Origins of Recycling: A Paleolithic Perspective,' 2013, Tel-Aviv and Carmel, in collaboration with Dr. Manuel Vaquero
'The Origins of Recycling: A Paleolithic Perspective'
October 7-10, 2013, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel
Organizers: Ran Barkai (Tel-Aviv U.) and Manuel Vaquero (IPHES and Universitat Rovira i Virgili)
Fifty researchers from all over the world gathered in Tel-Aviv, Israel, to discuss, for the first time the issue of recycling in the Paleolithic, with the intention of establishing coherent lines of inquiry, data analyses, and interpretation of recycling behavior in prehistory. The workshop was focused on the presentation of new data regarding stone and bone recycling from Lower, Middle, and Upper Paleolithic sites from the Old World as well as relevant case studies from contemporary pre-industrial societies. The publication resulting from the workshop (to be published in a special issue of Quaternary International) is intended to: 1) demonstrate the scale, intensity, and characteristics of Paleolithic recycling; 2) provide a methodology for studying evidence for recycling and reusing activities; and 3) discuss the adaptive role of recycling and reusing in Paleolithic times.