To support the development of a doctoral program in anthropology at Universite d'Etat d' Haiti, Port-Au-Prince, Haiti - Institutional Development Grant
Preliminary abstract: Through primary partnerships with the University of Kansas (KU) and Teachers College, Columbia University (TC), the State University of Haiti (UEH) will implement an ethos of productivity to establish a fully functioning doctoral program that will facilitate student and faculty training as well as research. This will be accomplished by a) increasing the number of Ph.D.
Lucero, Dr. Lisa, U. of Illinois, Urbana, IL - To aid conference on 'Low-Density Urbanism, Water Management, & Sustainability in the Tropics,' 2012, Siem Reap, Cambodia, in collaboration with Dr. Roland Fletcher
Preliminary abstract: The Maya of Central America (5th-9th century), the Khmer of Cambodia (9th-16th century), and the Sinhalese of Sri Lanka (4th B.C.-A.D. 11th century) created vast tropical cities and states--then kings faded away. Yet farmers adapted for millennia. This cross-cultural conference will assess the role of the relationship between water management, land management practices, climatic instability, and differing changes in the social and political systems of ancient low-density urban settlements. It will be one of a series of IHOPE conferences; IHOPE is a global network of scholars who aim to reveal lessons from the past to ensure a sustainable future. Scholars who work in different parts of the tropical world will come together to present papers revolving around two major themes: 1) the waxing and waning of political histories; and 2) sustainable farming through the millennia. The format will consist of 30-40 minute presentations, followed by a brief discussion period, as well as 'round-table' and more informal discussions during breaks and site visits. Results will allow us to go beyond making generalizations of past successes and failures and to gain lessons that are relevant for the present and the future.
Mencher, Dr. Joan, New York, NY - To aid preparation of personal research materials for archival deposit with the National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC - Historical Archives Program
Nunziante Cesaro, Dr. Stella, Sapienza U. of Rome, Italy - To aid workshop on 'An Integration of Use-Wear & Residues Analysis for Identification of Function of Archaeological Stone Tools,' 2012, Museum of Origins, Rome, with Dr. Cristina Lemorini
Preliminary Abstract: The workshop is intended to bring together archeological and scientific researchers and students involved in the study of use-wear traces on prehistoric stone tools andor in the identification of micro residues that might be present in them in order to hypothesize their function. Use-wear analysis carried out with microscopic analysis at low or high magnification is now a settled procedure. At present, the individuation and identification of residues is done using a number of techniques which can roughly be divided into the invasive and non-invasive. Each employed technique obviously has advantages and limitations. Given that a standard analysis protocol does not now exist, the workshop will have the ambitious goal of evaluating where matters stand and laying the basis for developing an analysis protocol. Both traces and residues analysis require a comparison to useful replicas. Even with regard to the making of replicas, no protocol now exists. The workshop will have the ambitious goal of evaluating where matters stand and laying the basis for developing a protocol concerning both analysis procedures and replicas realization. The adoption of consistent methods will make it possible for data obtained by multiple researchers to become interchangeable.
Rehren, Dr. Thilo, U. College London, London, United Kingdom - To aid conference on 'World of Iron,' 2009, Natural History Museum, London, in collaboration with Dr. Harald A. Veldhuijzen
'World of Iron'
February 16-20, 2009, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom
Organizers: Thilo Rehren and Harald A. Veldhuizen (University College London)
This conference emphasized the anthropological significance of the inception, adoption, expansion, and impact of prehistoric iron production around the world. Combining regional and themed sessions, it related archaeological and archaeometallurgical studies to wider anthropological issues such as technological style; variation, change and development; technical and social adaptation; and the evolving influences of iron on society and on the physical environment. This week-long event formed the first attempt to synthesize the latest research being conducted on iron and steel around the world and to stimulate future research of the highest level. It has created a globally comparative perspective, integrating insights gained from emerging analytical techniques, anthropology of technology, and
environmental history, and highlighting nuances often obscured by Eurocentric perspectives. By bringing together established scholars and young researchers from four key regions -- Africa, East Asia, the Indian Subcontinent, Western and Central Asia -- it stimulated an unprecedented international exchange of ideas and experiences. The peerreviewed
and edited proceedings will be published by Archetype and will feature a chapter for each session’s papers, with a lead overview by the session chair. They will constitute an important step forward in the study of iron in its ancient cultural contexts.
Humphries, Jane, and Thilo Rehren (eds.) 2013. The World of Iron. Archetype Publications: London.
Henry, Amanda Georganna, George Washington U., Washington, DC - To aid research on 'Plant Diet and the Ecology of Neanderthals and Modern Humans,' supervised by Dr. Alison S. Brooks
AMANDA G. HENRY, then a student at George Washington University, Washington, DC, was awarded a grant in April 2008, to aid research on 'Plant Diet and the Ecology of Neanderthals and Modern Humans,' supervised by Dr. Alison S. Brooks. Neandertals are thought to have a narrow diet, focused on large game, while early modern humans supposedly had a broader diet that included small, hard-to-catch game, marine resources and plant foods. It is argued that the broader diet of modern humans gave them a competitive advantage when the two species came into contact, and that this may have contributed to the extinction of the Neandertals. However, most of the methods for recovering information about diet focus on the role of animal foods. There is very little information about plant foods in the archaeological record. Using plant microfossils recovered from stone tools and dental calculus, I found evidence that Neandertals did consume plants, in similar numbers and types as did early modern humans. Both groups appear to have consumed grass seeds and plant underground storage organs, and there is evidence that they converted them to more easily digestible foodstuffs in part by cooking and processing them. This suggests the need to examine a more nuanced view of Neandertal and early modern human diets.