Bain, Dr. Allison, U. Laval, Quebec, QC, Canada - To aid conference on 'The View from Here: History and Ecology of the North Atlantic Region,' 2006, U. Laval, in collaboration with Dr. James Woollett
'The View from Here: History and Ecology of the North Atlantic Region'
September 20-24, 2006, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada
Organizers: Dr. Allison Bain and Dr. James Woollett (Université Laval)
The goal of the conference was to showcase and disseminate results of current research projects concerning the complex (pre)history of human occupation of the North Atlantic region and the culture-environment interactions that have shaped its ecological history. The North Atlantic -- defined in very broad terms here to include Scandinavia, the North Atlantic islands, Greenland, the Eastern Arctic and the Gulf of St. Lawrence -- has been the locus of significant cultural interactions and migrations on regional and intercontinental scales over long periods of time. The conference provided a venue for discussion and interaction between the disparate members of the northern research world including ethnographers, archaeologists, geographers, environmental scientists, and members of northern communities representing the indigenous governments of Nunavik (Northern Québec) and Nunatsiavut (Labrador). In addition to thematically organized paper and poster sessions, two workshops were organized on the 'Impacts of Environmental Change in Northern Communities' and 'Developing Cooperative Research Agendas within Northern Communities.' The conference resulted in the launching of several new multidisciplinary projects and a new working group, and several conference papers are to be published in a new journal on the North Atlantic. These papers and projects make use of new methods, approaches, and data sources that are informed by the lived human experience of current environmental changes and their socioeconomic impacts, as well as by the concerns and priorities of northern communities regarding scientific research.
Chauhan, Dr. Parth R., Stone Age Institute & CRAFT Research Center, Gosport, IN - To aid workshop on 'Plio-Pleistocene Environments and Hominin Dispersals, Adaptations, and Evolution in India,' 2008, Bhopal, India, in collaboration with Dr. Rajeev Patnaik
'Plio-Pleistocene Environments and Hominin Adaptations in India'
December 1-5, 2008, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Organizers: Parth R. Chauhan (Stone Age Institute) and Rajeev Patnaik (Panjab University)
This international workshop focused on multidisciplinary aspects of Quaternary human evolution, where the 22 papers that were presented covered a diverse range of topics, including: the South Asian Acheulean; Acheulean dispersals; Paleolithic rock art; Paleolithic-Mesolithic transitions; paleoanthropological aspects of the Narmada Valley; human colonization of the Himalayan zone; the Paleolithic evidence of northeastern India; Quaternary paleoenvironments; vertebrate paleontology; human biological evolution; Pleistocene fauna and ecological reconstructions; the Siwalik Neolithic evidence; and human environmental and climatic adaptations. A volume of the proceedings and workshop website are currently in progress and are expected to include contributions by most of the workshop participants, as well as other researchers. Also, to address some of the issues raised at the workshop, five new international projects were planned in various ecological zones of India: the Luni Basin, the Narmada Valley, the Siwalik Hills, the Karewa deposits and the later Paleolithic site of Patne, all with diverse scientific goals and methodological thrusts. This meeting received funding from the Indo-U.S. Science & Technology Forum (India) as well as from the Wenner-Gren Foundation.
Chauhan, Parth R. 2009. The Lower Paleolithic of the Indian Subcontinent. Evolutionary Anthropology 18(2):62-78.
Engelbrecht, Dr. Beate, Institute for Scientific Research, Goettingen, Germany - To aid conference on origins of visual anthropology: putting the past together, 2000, IWF- Institute for Scientific Film, in collaboration with Dr. Rolf Husmann
Sadr, Dr. Karim, U. of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa - To aid '14th Pan African Archaeological Congress (PAA),' 2014, U. of the Witwatersrand, in collaboration with Dr. Amanda Esterhuysen
Preliminary abstract: The Pan African Archaeological Association (PAA) has been working for more than sixty years to unite archaeologists from all African countries and to combine African efforts to further the interest of archaeology across Africa. The PAA belongs to all who work in African archaeology. It aims to bring together practitioners of archaeology and related disciplines from one end of the continent to the other; to provide a forum for the exchange of information and ideas; to create contacts between students, researchers and practitioners across Africa and in multiple disciplines; to forge links and friendships that otherwise would not exist and to facilitate and promote intra-African collaboration. The 14th Congress of the Pan African Archaeological Association of Prehistory and Related Studies will take place at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa in July 2014. The main core of the conference will take place over five days and up to 475 papers can be presented in up to 84 sessions. As in 2010, the Society of Africanist Archaeologists (SAfA) will hold its biennial meeting 2014 jointly with PAA 2014, since many of the members belong to both organizations and it makes little sense to hold two major African archaeological conferences in the same year at two separate times and venues. In keeping with the name and spirit of the Pan African Archaeological Association, the theme of the PAA 2014 is 'African Archaeology without Frontiers,' to highlight the need to cut across national as well as disciplinary boundaries in African archaeology. There will be sessions on all the main prehistoric periods of interest in African archaeology, plus a large number of sessions focussing on methodological and on theoretical issues concerning African archaeology.
Henry, Amanda Georganna, George Washington U., Washington, DC - To aid research on 'Plant Diet and the Ecology of Neanderthals and Modern Humans,' supervised by Dr. Alison S. Brooks
AMANDA G. HENRY, then a student at George Washington University, Washington, DC, was awarded a grant in April 2008, to aid research on 'Plant Diet and the Ecology of Neanderthals and Modern Humans,' supervised by Dr. Alison S. Brooks. Neandertals are thought to have a narrow diet, focused on large game, while early modern humans supposedly had a broader diet that included small, hard-to-catch game, marine resources and plant foods. It is argued that the broader diet of modern humans gave them a competitive advantage when the two species came into contact, and that this may have contributed to the extinction of the Neandertals. However, most of the methods for recovering information about diet focus on the role of animal foods. There is very little information about plant foods in the archaeological record. Using plant microfossils recovered from stone tools and dental calculus, I found evidence that Neandertals did consume plants, in similar numbers and types as did early modern humans. Both groups appear to have consumed grass seeds and plant underground storage organs, and there is evidence that they converted them to more easily digestible foodstuffs in part by cooking and processing them. This suggests the need to examine a more nuanced view of Neandertal and early modern human diets.